Probabilistic number theory
Probabilistic number theory is a subfield of number theory, which explicitly uses probability to answer questions of number theory. One basic idea underlying it is that different prime numbers are, in some serious sense, like independent random variables. This however is not an idea that has a unique useful formal expression.
The founders of the theory were Paul Erdős, Aurel Wintner and Mark Kac during the 1930s, one of the periods of investigation in analytic number theory. The Erdős–Wintner theorem and the Erdős–Kac theorem on additive functions were foundational results.
- analytic number theory
- areas of mathematics
- list of number theory topics
- list of probability topics
- probabilistic method
- probable prime
- Tenenbaum, Gérald (1995). Introduction to Analytic and Probabilistic Number Theory. Cambridge studies in advanced mathematics 46. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-41261-7. Zbl 0831.11001.
- Kubilius, J. (1964) . Probabilistic methods in the theory of numbers. Translations of mathematical monographs 11. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. ISBN 0-8218-1561-X. Zbl 0133.30203.
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