Prabasi

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Prabasi [প্রবাসী] was a monthly Bengali-language literary magazine. It was founded by Ramananda Chatterjee in 1901 and ran for over 60 years.[1] It published many important Bengali authors, the most significant being Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore who published regularly in it from 1914 until his death.[1] "It is no exaggeration to say that [Tagore's] major creations reached Bengali homes through [Prabasi]."[1] There were over 350 contributors during its existence, including most of the major poet and prose writers of the day.[1] The National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh said "Prabasi's fame remains almost unsurpassed by any other Bengali periodical."[1]

When Prabasi first appeared, it pioneered a mix of book excerpts, poetry and one-act plays, alongside reviews and essays.[2] It also included serialized fiction, including Rabindranath Tagore's Gora (1907-1909).[2] It also included articles on history, art, archaeology, sociology, education, literature and literary theories, scientific topics, and travelogues.[1] The magazine was known for its art and illustrations. It was the first ever periodical in Bengali to feature a reproduction of a photograph on its cover purely for the sake of illustration.

"Prabasi" literally means a "Bengali living outside Bengal",[3] which can be translated as "Exile". Chatterjee wrote in 1903, "In truth, we are Indians first and Bengalis next."[3]

The sister magazine of Prabasi was Modern Review. Because of the initial poor sales of Prabasi, Ramananda Chatterjee launched Modern Review in 1907, targeted to English-speaking Indians.[4] Modern Review was a great success and was read nation-wide.[4]

Authors and works[edit]

Some of the authors and works featured in the magazine include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Indrajit Chaudhuri. "Prabasi". National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Retrieved November 19, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Asha Kasbekar (2006). Pop Culture India!: Media, Arts, And Lifestyle. ABC-CLIO. p. 118. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Indian Book Reporter, volume 3, pg. 6-7
  4. ^ a b Partha Mitter (1994). Art and Nationalism in Colonial India, 1850-1922: Occidental Orientations. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved November 20, 2012.