|Botanical drawing of Proboscidea louisianica|
Proboscidea is a genus of flowering plant in the family Martyniaceae, some of whose species are known as devil's claw, devil's horn, ram's horn, or unicorn plant. The plants produce long, hooked seed pods. The hooks catch on the feet of animals, and as the animals walk, the pods are ground or crushed open, dispersing the seeds. The name devil's claw is shared with the South African plant Harpagophytum procumbens.
The fruits of all species are edible before they ripen and become woody, they can be steamed and eaten much like okra. Some species (particularly P. parviflora) are used in basket weaving by the Tohono O'odham who have selected for varieties with longer "claws." The Hia ced O'odham and the Tohono O'odham eat the seeds, in ancient times seeds provided an important source of dietary oils.
- Proboscidea althaeifolia - devil's horn, devil's claw, or desert unicorn plant
- Proboscidea louisianica - ram's horn
- Proboscidea parviflora - doubleclaw, (red) devil's claw
- Proboscidea sabulosa - dune unicorn plant
- Proboscidea spicata - New Mexico unicorn plant
Proboscidea lutea is a synonym of Ibicella lutea.
Flower of P. parviflora ssp. parviflora var. hohokamiana
- Devils Claws
- Mechaber, W. L. and J. G. Hildebrand. 2000. Novel, non-solanaceous hostplant record for Manduca sexta (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) in the southwestern United States. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93(3):447-451.
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