Procambarus zonangulus

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Procambarus zonangulus
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Cambaridae
Genus: Procambarus
Subgenus: Ortmannicus
Species: P. zonangulus
Binomial name
Procambarus zonangulus
Hobbs & Hobbs, 1990 [1]

Procambarus zonangulus, the white river crawfish,[2] white river crayfish[3] or southern white river crayfish,[4] is a species of freshwater crayfish.

Distribution[edit]

Procambarus zonangulus was originally described from Jefferson County, Hardin County and Orange County, Texas, where it lives in streams,[4] but the species' natural distribution is unclear,[5] possibly including parts of Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi.[2] It has also been introduced to other states, including Maryland[6] and West Virginia.[7]

Conservation[edit]

P. zonangulus has become an important species for aquaculture, and 20%–30% of the crayfish harvested in Louisiana are P. zonangulus.[2] Due to the taxonomic uncertainties, this species is listed as Data Deficient on the IUCN Red List.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Procambarus zonangulus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved October 7, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Differences between red swamp crawfish and white river crawfish". Louisiana State University Agricultural Center. December 3, 2009. 
  3. ^ Yavuz Mazlum & Arnold G. Eversole (2008). "Comparison of the survival, growth and yield of red swamp crayfish and white river crayfish in monoculture and polyculture systems". Aquaculture International 16 (4): 345–350. doi:10.1007/s10499-007-9149-3. 
  4. ^ a b James W. Fetzner, Jr. (January 14, 2008). "Procambarus (Ortmannicus) zonangulus Hobbs and Hobbs, 1990". Crayfish Taxon Browser. Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 
  5. ^ "Crayfish in Alabama". Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. 2008. 
  6. ^ Jay V. Kilian, Andrew J. Becker, Scott A. Stranko, Matthew Ashton, Ronald J. Klauda, Jay Gerber & Martin Hurd (2010). "The Status and Distribution of Maryland Crayfishes". Southeastern Naturalist 9 (sp3): 11–32. doi:10.1656/058.009.s302. 
  7. ^ Zachary J. Loughman & Stuart A. Welsh (2010). "Distribution and Conservation Standing of West Virginia Crayfishes". Southeastern Naturalist 9 (sp3): 63–78. doi:10.1656/058.009.s304. 
  8. ^ K. A. Crandall (2010). "Procambarus zonangulus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 3.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved October 7, 2010.