Procopio Bonifacio

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Procopio Bonifacio y de Castro
Born 1873
Died May 10, 1897 (aged 24)
Maragondon, Cavite, Spanish East Indies (Philippine Islands)
Cause of death
Execution (Assassination)
Nationality Filipino
Other names Pio, Pisaw
Known for Philippine Revolution
Political party
Katipunan
Religion Roman Catholicism

Procopio Bonifacio y de Castro (1873 - May 10, 1897) is a younger brother of Philippine National Hero Andres Bonifacio. He was a Philippine independence activist and revolutionary during the Philippine Revolution of 1896 against Spain. He was a member of the secret revolutionary society turned revolutionary government Katipunan with his other siblings, his eldest brother Andrés being one of its founders and, eventually, president.

Family background and early life[edit]

Procopio was the third of the six children of Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro. His siblings were Andres, Ciriaco, Troadio, Espiridiona and Maxima.

During childhood he, with his other siblings, sold paper canes and fans made by their brother Andres for their living. Eventually, he was employed as a porter in the government-owned Philippine National Railways until the revolution broke-out.

Katipunan[edit]

Procopio became a member of Katipunan adopting the name Pisaw. He was responsible for the founding of Katipunan chapter in the island of Mindoro.

With Andres Bonifacio, Candido Tirona, Emilio Jacinto and Pio Valenzuela they founded the Council of the Ancient Assignment in Kawit, Cavite. Procopio was led into light, which is a two part of such council.

Procopio was present during the Cry of Balintawak on August of 1896 in Caloocan which signaled the start of the Philippine Revolution.

Revolution[edit]

Procopio fought the Spanish authorities side-by-side with his brothers Andres and Ciriaco. He was given the rank of Colonel.

In December of 1896, he and Ciricao accompanied their brother Andres and wife Gregoria to Cavite through the invitation of Cavite's provincial head of the revolution Mariano Alvarez to mediate between the growing conflict of the two rival factions of the Katipunan in the province, that of Magdiwang headed by Alvarez and Magdalo headed by Baldomero Aguinaldo. The mediation turned out to be a lost cause for the Bonifacios, as, little by little, they, especially Andres, who was the recognized over-all leader of the revolution and president of the Katipunan government, were insulted and disrespected by the Cavite leaders, especially the Magdalo officers. The revolutionary leadership of Andres Bonifacio was challenged by the Magdalo leaders and eventually fell to the hands of their officer Emilio Aguinaldo who was elected president through the Tejeros Convention.

Death[edit]

Due to the disrespect and insults experienced by them from the Cavite revolutionary leaders, they opted to leave the province and go back to Manila or Morong to continue the fight for independence. While moving out of Cavite, Emilio Aguinaldo's men led by Agapito Bonzon and Ignacio Paua (Aguinaldo's brother-in-law) made a surprise attack to them while they were encamped in Indang. During the attack, Ciriaco was shot and died on the spot, while Procopio was beaten non-sense and Andres was shot in the arm by Bonzon and stabbed in the neck by Paua.

The two surviving brothers, weak, were then brought to Naik then to Maragondon and were subjected to a kangaroo court-martial as ordered by Emilio Aguinaldo. They were sentenced to death.

The two brothers were brought to the mountains. Procopio, 24 years-old, was shot dead before Andres suffered the same fate.

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