Proctor's Theatre (Schenectady, New York)
South elevation and marquee, 2009
|Address||432 State Street
Schenectady, New York
|Owner||Arts Center and Theatre of Schenectady|
|Architect||Thomas W. Lamb|
|Location||82 4th St., Schenectady, New York|
|Area||less than one acre|
|MPS||Movie Palaces of the Tri-Cities TR|
|NRHP Reference #||79001623|
|Added to NRHP||October 4, 1979|
Proctor's Theatre (officially stylized as Proctors since 2007; however, the marquee retains the apostrophe) is a former vaudeville house located in Schenectady, New York, United States. Many famous artists have performed there, notably Mariah Carey (whose 1993 top-rated Thanksgiving special was taped there), Britney Spears, Hal Holbrook, Ted Wiles, and George Burns, as well as many others. It has one of the largest movie screens in the Northeast.
The theatre was opened on December 27, 1926. It was designed by architect Thomas Lamb. Four years later it hosted the first public demonstration of television. In 1979 the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places, shortly before being renovated after a long period of decline and neglect. A renovation completed in 2007 added two theatres to the complex, providing a variety of performance spaces.
The theater building is located on the north side of State Street (NY 5), in a densely developed commercial area. The exterior of the building and its interior arcade are included in the Register listing.
It is a three-story building with attic. The North (front) facade is faced in stucco, with engaged Doric pilasters. Ornamentation includes garlands and paterae on the friezes. A large marquee covers the sidewalk in front.
Inside, the arcade that connects the entrance to the theatre features space for (originally) 14 boutiques, with five copper-framed glass windows. A marble staircase leads to the upstairs offices, and the box office and showcase are paneled in Walnut.
The foyer is carpeted in red, with men's and women's smoking rooms on either side. Two more marble staircases lead to the balcony level. A pastoral mural in sepia decorates the wall. The staircases lead to a balcony promenade with an authentic Louis XV style sofa. Decoration includes Corinthian columns, iron railings and extensive gold leaf detailing.
Corinthian columns also flank the proscenium arch over the stage. Gold leaf detail is all over the domed ceiling and entrance arches, in contrast to the black and silver damask wall coverings. The side loges are trimmed with iron grilles in the arches and heavy velvet drapes. Light is provided by a central black and gold chandelier with 192 lamps, flanked by six smaller fixtures.
The arrival of General Electric led to rapid growth in Schenectady through the late 19th and early 20th century. The city's streetcar network made its downtown more accessible to the city. The vaudeville impresario Frederick Freeman Proctor chose to build his first theater in 1912. In the last years of his life, he decided to replace it. It cost $1.5 million ($20 million in contemporary dollars) to build and opened on December 27, 1926, with a showing of the silent film Stranded in Paris. The audience was so impressed by the lavish facilities that no one complained about the malfunctioning Wurlitzer organ.
Proctor had sound equipment installed two years later for the new sound films. Shortly before his death in 1929, Proctor sold his theater chain to RKO Pictures. The next year it was the site of the first public demonstration of television, when an orchestra performed under the direction of the image of a conductor in General Electric Research Laboratory approx 3 miles away.
The theatre had fallen into disrepair throughout the 1960s and '70s while population shifted and moved out of Schenectady. The theatre was going to be torn down for use of the plot as a parking lot until a group of activists joined together and created the Arts Districts of Schenectady.
In the fall of 2007, Proctors finished a $24.5 million expansion. Several local firms were involved, including Stracher Roth Gilmore (architectural), Ryan-Biggs Associates (structural), M/E Engineering (mechanical, electrical, plumbing) and Adirondack Scenic (theatrical & rigging designers). The renovation added two theatres, making three separate theatre venues available for the public:
- Main Theatre, with a historic proscenium stage, seats about 2700
- GE Black Box Theatre, which will seat 450. This multifunctional theatre has retractable seating. This will allow the space to be reconfigured in unusual ways for experimental performances.
- 440 Upstairs, this 100-seat theatre located in the Wright Family Building at 440 State Street will support smaller performances, such as one man/woman shows, jazz performances, or a place for playwrights to showcase new material with staged readings.
In September 2007, upon completion of the expansion project, Proctor's Theatre changed its name to "Proctors" to reflect its three theatres.
On July 18, 2009, the theatre won the Outstanding Historic Theatre Award, presented by the League of Historic American Theatres at their annual meeting in Cleveland. Proctors will host the group's convention in 2011.
Timeline of the expansion
- Replacement of the 25+ year-old roof
- Acoustic wall built in main theatre to improve sound quality
- Foundation work for new stagehouse begins
- $1 million sound system installed
- Revamped candy counter
- Tripling the size of the former stagehouse, including a three-bay enclosed loading dock, crossover, and new dressing & multi purpose rooms backstage
- Construction started for the GE Theatre, which includes 4,000 sq-flat floor theatre, 450 seats that are retractable, and a 60' x 60' wide-format screen and equipment known as iWERKS-ExtremeScreen.
- New carpet in the main theatre
- New furniture in the men's’ lounge of the main theatre
- Restoration of the Golub Arcade
- Creation of the Ed Sells & Eveline Ward-Sells Green Room
- Larger and improved gift shops
- Restoration on decorative plaster work and plaster
- Removal of paint from frosted glass panels and copper edging
- Additional construction of the former Carl Company
- Completion of the GE Theatre
- New box office
- Expanded lobby space for easier patron traffic flow
- More restroom facilities for patrons
- 3-story atrium outside of GE Theatre
- Various retail outlets: Northeastern Fine Jewelry and The Muddy Cup Coffee House & Cafe
- Gallery & various conference spaces
- New administrative offices & board room
- Proctor's Theater (Troy, New York)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Schenectady County, New York
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- Powers, Robert (May 1979). "National Register of Historic Places nomination, F.F. Proctor Theatre and Arcade". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
- Inflated values automatically calculated.
- "A History of Proctors". Retrieved September 7, 2009.
- Curtain falls on apostrophe. Albany Times Union. August 5, 2007.
- "Where history lives: Proctors to use national award won Saturday for marketing purposes", Albany Times Union, July 20, 2009