|• Type||Special Grade Municipality|
|• Body||Proddatur Municipality|
|Elevation||158 m (518 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||[[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]|
|Sex ratio||1.008 ♂/♀|
Proddutur is the second largest town and an urban agglomeration in Kadapa district of Andhra Pradesh state in India. The urban agglomeration (metropolitan area) includes Proddatur town, Bollavaram, Gopavaram, Modameedipalle and Rameswaram. The town is referred to as the “Second Bombay” because of the volume of gold and cotton business that happens there and as "Second Mysore" because of the grand Dasara festival celebrations and as "second kanchi" because of the volume of silk industries and shops.
The origins of the town's name is not definitely known, but one possible origin of the town's name is from the Sanskrit Bhradhna-Puri.
Another possible origin can be traced to the great Indian epic Ramayana. The legend states that Lord Rama was on his way back to his homeland Ayodhya from Lanka after killing the demon Ravana. At the onset of dusk, Lord Rama decides to halt on the river bed of the river Penna. At sunset (which translates to poddu in Telugu, the local language) he asked his wife Sita to find a place for them to rest for the night. It is believed that this placed was henceforth called Poddutur or Proddatur.
Proddatur is on the banks of river Penna.Its neighbouring towns include Jammalamadugu,Mydukuru,Yerraguntla and Allagadda.Jammalamadugu and Mydukur are just 20 km away from PRoddatur.Frequent buses are available to Mydukur and Jammalamadugu .Yerraguntla is just 12 km away from Prodatur . Bus facility is available for every five minutes to Yerraguntla.
As of 2011[update] Census of India, the city had a population of 162,816. The total population constitute, 81,368 males and 81,448 females —a sex ratio of 1001 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 15,516 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 7,999 are boys and 7,517 are girls—a ratio of 940 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 78.08% (male 86.02%; female 70.20%) with 115,011 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
The Urban agglomeration had a population of 217,895, of which males constitute 108,986, females constitute 108,909 —a sex ratio of 999 females per 1000 males and 21,616 are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 147,156 literates with an average literacy rate of 74.97%.
The town is well connected by rail and road. The nearest railway station is Yerraguntla, located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from the town and on the Mumbai-Chennai railway line. A new railway station is under construction in Proddatur on the bypass road in Dorasani Palli Jammalamadugu Road.
APSRTC Buses: Hyderabad, Bangalore, Vijayawada,Chennai.
OldBus Station: Nandyal,Kurnool.
Court Busstation: Jammalamadugu.
Anwarhall Busstation: Mydukur, Yerraguntla, pulivendula, Tadipatri, Kadapa.
Ramayswaram Busstation: Kadapa, Mydukur.
There are many Private Services available to major cities.
- YSR Yogi Vemana Engineering College
- Vaagdevi Institute of Technology and Science
- Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology
- Vignana Bharathi Institute of Technology
- Gouthami Institute of Technology and Management for Women
- Balaji Institute of Technology and Science
- Government Polytechnic Proddatur
- Santha Kumari- South Indian drama and movie actress
- Puttaparthi Narayanacharya- Poet, also known as Saraswati Putra
- Padmanabham - Famous Telugu comedian
- Gouru Tirupati Reddy - Vastu Shastra exponent, titled as Vastu Ratnakaram
- Gurivi Reddy - 2nd highest blood donor in Asia. Donated his blood 128 times before being advised by doctors to stop it when he reached the age of 65. Also motivated about 5,000 persons to donate blood.
- M.V Ramana Reddy Famous leader, Writer, Doctor, Lawyer, Ex.MLA. He is also called as Tiger of Rayalaseema.
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- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- "IndiaPost - Pincode Search - Proddatur". New Delhi, India: India Post. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
- "STD Codes (Andhra Pradesh)". Sarkaritel. 2005. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
- "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 3 September 2014.