Prodi Commission

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The Prodi Commission in 1999
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The Prodi Commission was the European Commission in office between 1999 and 2004. The administration was led by former Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi.

History[edit]

The commission took office on 13 September 1999 following the scandal and subsequent resignation of the Santer Commission which had damaged the reputation of the institution. It took over from the interim Marín Commission. The College consisted of 20 Commissioners which grew to 25 following the Enlargement of the European Union in 2004. It was the last commission to see two members allocated to the larger member states.

This commission (the 10th) saw in increase in power and influence following Amsterdam Treaty. Some in the media described president Prodi as being the first "Prime Minister of the European Union".[1][2]

As well as the enlargement and Amsterdam Treaty, the Prodi Commission also saw the signing and enforcement of the Nice Treaty as well as the conclusion and signing of the European Constitution: in which he introduced the "Convention method" of negotiation. From 1999 Prodi saw in the euro and by 2002 it came into cash form and the single currency for 12 of the EU's 15 member states.[3] The body was however criticised for being lacklustre, with poor communication and failing to make an impact despite major events such as enlargement and the euro.[4]

The commission was due to leave office on 31 October 2004, but due to opposition from the European parliament to the proposed Barroso Commission which would succeed it, it was extended and finally left office on 21 November 2004.

Commissioners[edit]

New members of May 2004 with president Prodi

When the Commission took office in 1999, there were 20 Commissioners, one from each member state and two from the largest 5 states (Italy, France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom).

2004 saw 15 new Commissioners, 5 replacing existing Commissioners who had resigned before the end of their mandate and 10 from the new member states who joined in that year. Most of these Commissioners continued to serve in the following Barroso Commission.

The members from the new states shared a portfolio with an existing member, rather than creating new posts or having Commissioners (old or new) without a portfolio.

The following table indicates the number of Commissioners according to their political alignment at the start of the Commission, those who joined from the new member states and the number when the Commission left office. The colours reflect those used in the table of Commissioners below.

By political affiliation[edit]

Political alignment 1999 to 2003 Joined on 4 May November 2004
Social Democrats (PES) 11 0 9
Liberals (ELDR) 1 2 5
Centre-right (EPP-ED) 5 3 9
Greens (EGP) 1 0 1
Independent 2 5 6

Initial College[edit]

Portfolio(s) Commissioner State Party
President Romano Prodi
Italy
Italy
L'Ulivo/Democrats
PES/EDLR
Vice-President;
Administrative reform
Neil Kinnock
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Labour
PES
Vice-President;
European Commissioner for Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration, Transport and Energy
Loyola de Palacio
Spain
Spain
PP
EPP
Competition Mario Monti
Italy
Italy
independent
Agriculture and Fisheries Franz Fischler
Austria
Austria
ÖVP
EPP
Enterprise & Information Society Erkki Liikanen
Served until 12 July 2004
Finland
Finland
SDP
PES
Enterprise & Information Society Olli Rehn
Served from 12 July 2004
Finland
Finland
Keskusta
ELDR
Internal Market Frits Bolkestein
Netherlands
Netherlands
VVD
ELDR
Research Philippe Busquin
Served until July 2004
Belgium
Belgium
PS
PES
Research Louis Michel
Served from July 2004
Belgium
Belgium
MR
ELDR
Development & Humanitarian Aid Poul Nielson
Denmark
Denmark
SD
PES
Enlargement Günter Verheugen
Germany
Germany
SPD
PES
External Relations Chris Patten
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Conservatives
ED
Trade Pascal Lamy
France
France
PS
PES
Health & Consumer Protection David Byrne
Republic of Ireland
Ireland
independent
Education & Culture Viviane Reding
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
CSV
EPP
Budget Michaele Schreyer
Germany
Germany
Greens
EGP
Environment Margot Wallström
Sweden
Sweden
SAP
PES
Justice and Home Affairs António Vitorino
Portugal
Portugal
PS
PES
Employment and Social Affairs Anna Diamantopoulou
Served until March 2004
Greece
Greece
PASOK
PES
Employment and Social Affairs Stavros Dimas
Served from March 2004
Greece
Greece
ND
EPP
Regional Policy Michel Barnier
Served until April 2004
France
France
UMP
EPP
Regional Policy Jacques Barrot
Served from April 2004
France
France
UMP
EPP
Economic & Monetary Affairs Pedro Solbes
Served until 26 April 2004
Spain
Spain
PSOE
PES
Economic & Monetary Affairs Joaquín Almunia
Served from 26 April 2004
Spain
Spain
PSOE
PES

New commissioners from 1 May 2004[edit]

Portfolio(s) Commissioner State Party
Regional Policy Péter Balázs
Hungary
Hungary
independent
Trade Danuta Hübner
Poland
Poland
independent
Economic & Monetary Affairs Siim Kallas
Estonia
Estonia
Reform
ELDR
Development & Humanitarian Aid Joe Borg
Malta
Malta
PN
EPP
Agriculture and Fisheries Sandra Kalniete
Latvia
Latvia
Vienotiba
EPP
Education & Culture Dalia Grybauskaitė
Lithuania
Lithuania
independent
Enlargement Janez Potočnik
Slovenia
Slovenia
independent
Enterprise & Information Society Ján Figeľ
Slovakia
Slovakia
KDH
EPP
Budget Markos Kyprianou
Cyprus
Cyprus
DIKO
ELDR
Health & Consumer Protection Pavel Telička
Czech Republic
Czech Republic
independent

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]