Prodi I Cabinet

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First Prodi cabinet
53rd Cabinet of Italy
Flag of Italy.svg
Romano Prodi in Nova Gorica (2c).jpg
Date formed 17 May 1996
Date dissolved 21 October 1998
(887 days)
People and organizations
Head of government Romano Prodi
Head of state Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
Total number of ministers 20
Member party Democratic Party of the Left (PDS)
Italian People's Party (PPI)
Italian Renewal (RI)
Federation of the Greens (FdV)
Democratic Union (UD)
History
Election(s) 1996 election
Outgoing election 2001 election
Legislature term(s) 9 May 1996 - 30 May 2001 (XIII)
Incoming formation Prodi I Cabinet formation, 1996
Outgoing formation D'Alema I Cabinet formation, 1998
Previous Dini Cabinet
Successor D'Alema I Cabinet

The Prodi I Cabinet was the cabinet of the government of Italy from 17 May 1996 to 21 October 1998.

Formation[edit]

On 21 April 1996, the Olive Tree won 1996 general election in alliance with the Communist Refoundation Party (PRC), making Romano Prodi Prime Minister of Italy. It was the first time since 1946 that the Communists, now gathered in the Democratic Party of the Left, took part in the government of the country and one of their leaders, Walter Veltroni, who ran in ticket with Prodi in a long electoral campaign, was Deputy Prime Minister.

Besides the external support of PRC, the coalition received the support also of some minor parties: the Italian Republican Party (PRI, social-liberal), Movement for Democracy – The Network (social-democratic), the South Tyrolean People's Party (regionalist and Christian democratic) and some other minor parties which later merged with PDS.

The average age of the ministers was 55.9 years and 14 ministers has parliamentary experience.[1] The number of female ministers was three.[1]

Fall[edit]

The government fell in 1998 when the Communist Refoundation Party withdrew its support. This led to the formation of a new government led by Massimo D'Alema as Prime Minister. There are those who claim that D'Alema deliberately engineered the collapse of the Prodi government to become Prime Minister himself.[citation needed] As the result of a vote of no confidence in Prodi's government, D'Alema's nomination was passed by a single vote. This was the first and so far, the only occasion in the history of the Italian republic on which a vote of no confidence had ever been called; the Republic's many previous governments had been brought down by a majority "no" vote on some crucially important piece of legislation (such as the budget).

Composition[edit]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister   Romano Prodi 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Independent
Minister of Foreign Affairs   Lamberto Dini 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 RI
Minister of the Interior   Giorgio Napolitano 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left
Minister of Treasury and Budget   Carlo Azeglio Ciampi 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Independent
Minister of Finance   Vincenzo Visco 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left
Minister of Defense   Beniamino Andreatta 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 PPI
Minister of Justice   Giovanni Maria Flick 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Independent
Minister of Industry and Commerce   Pier Luigi Bersani 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left
Minister for Agriculture   Michele Pinto 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 PPI
Minister of Education, University and Research   Luigi Berlinguer 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left
Minister of Labour and Social Security   Tiziano Treu 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 RI
Minister for Health   Rosy Bindi 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 PPI
Minister of Public Works   Antonio Di Pietro 17 May 1996 20 November 1996 Independent
  Paolo Costa 20 November 1996 21 October 1998 Independent
Minister of Transoprts   Claudio Burlando 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left
Minister of Environment and Protection of Land and Sea   Edo Ronchi 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Greens
Minister of Cultural Heritage   Walter Veltroni 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left
Minister of Communications   Antonio Maccanico 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 UD
Minister of International Trade   Augusto Fantozzi 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 RI

Ministers without portfolio[edit]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister for Regional Affairs and Public Administration   Franco Bassanini 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left
Minister of Equal Opportunities   Anna Finocchiaro 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left
Minister of Social Solidarity   Livia Turco 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left
Minister of Parliament   Giorgio Bogi 14 March 1997 21 October 1998 Democratic Party of the Left

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b De Giorgi, Elisabetta; Francesco Marangoni (2009). "The First Year of Berlusconi’s Fourth Government: Formation, Characteristics and Activities". Bulletin of Italian Politics 1 (1): 87–109. 

Sources[edit]