Prognoz (satellite)

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This article is about the scientific satellites. For the missile detection spacecraft, see US-KMO.
Prognoz
Manufacturer Lavochkin
Country of origin Soviet Union
Operator RVSN
Applications Scientific research
Specifications
Launch mass 920 kilograms (2,030 lb)
Orbit regimes HEO
Production
Status Retired
Launched 10
First launch Prognoz 1
14 April 1972
Last launch Prognoz 10
26 April 1985

Prognoz, also known as SO-M was a Soviet scientific research satellite programme. Ten Prognoz satellites were launched between 14 April 1972 and 26 April 1985, by Molniya-M carrier rockets. The satellites were placed in High Earth orbits. All launches occurred from Site 31/6 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome

The satellites were primarily used for Solar research, however the later satellites were used for other research, including research into the Big Bang theory, and Earth's magnetosphere.[1] The tenth and final satellite was used as part of the Interkosmos programme.

Satellites[edit]

Designation Launch date/time (GMT)[2] Mass[1] Apogee[1] Perigee[1] Inclination[1] Mission[1] Remarks
Prognoz 1 14 April 1972, 00:54 845 kilograms (1,863 lb) 199,667 kilometres (124,067 mi) 1,005 kilometres (624 mi) 65° Study Solar activity
Prognoz 2 29 June 1972, 03:47 845 kilograms (1,863 lb) 201,804 kilometres (125,395 mi) 512 kilometres (318 mi) 65.3° Study Solar activity
Prognoz 3 15 February 1973, 01:11 845 kilograms (1,863 lb) 199,442 kilometres (123,928 mi) 896 kilometres (557 mi) 65° Study Solar activity
Prognoz 4 22 December 1975, 02:08 905 kilograms (1,995 lb) 199,000 kilometres (124,000 mi) 634 kilometres (394 mi) 65° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere
Prognoz 5 25 November 1976, 03:59 930 kilograms (2,050 lb) 198,560 kilometres (123,380 mi) 777 kilometres (483 mi) 65.2° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere
Prognoz 6 22 September 1977, 00:51 910 kilograms (2,010 lb) 196,379 kilometres (122,024 mi) 1,850 kilometres (1,150 mi) 74.4° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere
Prognoz 7 30 October 1978, 05:23 950 kilograms (2,090 lb) 202,627 kilometres (125,907 mi) 472 kilometres (293 mi) 64.9° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere
UV, X-ray and Gamma ray astronomy
Carried Czechoslovakian, French, Hungarian and Swedish experiments
Prognoz 8 25 December 1980, 04:02 910 kilograms (2,010 lb) 197,364 kilometres (122,636 mi) 978 kilometres (608 mi) 65.8° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere Carried Czechoslovakian, Polish and Swedish experiments
Prognoz 9 1 July 1983, 12:17 1,060 kilograms (2,340 lb) 720,000 kilometres (450,000 mi) 380 kilometres (240 mi) 1.3° Study Solar and cosmic radiation, Solar Plasma, Earth's magnetosphere and Gamma rays Carried Czechoslovakian and French experiments
Prognoz 10 26 April 1985, 05:48 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lb) 194,734 kilometres (121,002 mi) 5,975 kilometres (3,713 mi) 76.8° Study Solar wind and Earth's magnetosphere Intercosmos 23. Carried Czechoslovakian experiments

See also[edit]

References[edit]