Prognoz (satellite)

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Prognoz
General information
Manufacturer Lavochkin
Country of origin Soviet Union
Applications Scientific research
Orbit regimes HEO
Operator RVSN
Production
Status Retired
Launched 10
First launch Prognoz 1
14 April 1972
Last launch Prognoz 10
26 April 1985
Typical spacecraft
Average mass 920 kilograms (2,030 lb)

Prognoz, also known as SO-M was a Soviet scientific research satellite programme. Ten Prognoz satellites were launched between 14 April 1972 and 26 April 1985, by Molniya-M carrier rockets. The satellites were placed in High Earth orbits. All launches occurred from Site 31/6 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome

The satellites were primarily used for Solar research, however the later satellites were used for other research, including research into the Big Bang theory, and Earth's magnetosphere.[1] The tenth and final satellite was used as part of the Interkosmos programme.

Satellites[edit]

Designation Launch date/time (GMT)[2] Mass[1] Apogee[1] Perigee[1] Inclination[1] Mission[1] Remarks
Prognoz 1 14 April 1972, 00:54 845 kilograms (1,863 lb) 199,667 kilometres (124,067 mi) 1,005 kilometres (624 mi) 65° Study Solar activity
Prognoz 2 29 June 1972, 03:47 845 kilograms (1,863 lb) 201,804 kilometres (125,395 mi) 512 kilometres (318 mi) 65.3° Study Solar activity
Prognoz 3 15 February 1973, 01:11 845 kilograms (1,863 lb) 199,442 kilometres (123,928 mi) 896 kilometres (557 mi) 65° Study Solar activity
Prognoz 4 22 December 1975, 02:08 905 kilograms (1,995 lb) 199,000 kilometres (124,000 mi) 634 kilometres (394 mi) 65° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere
Prognoz 5 25 November 1976, 03:59 930 kilograms (2,050 lb) 198,560 kilometres (123,380 mi) 777 kilometres (483 mi) 65.2° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere
Prognoz 6 22 September 1977, 00:51 910 kilograms (2,010 lb) 196,379 kilometres (122,024 mi) 1,850 kilometres (1,150 mi) 74.4° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere
Prognoz 7 30 October 1978, 05:23 950 kilograms (2,090 lb) 202,627 kilometres (125,907 mi) 472 kilometres (293 mi) 64.9° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere
UV, X-ray and Gamma ray astronomy
Carried Czechoslovakian, French, Hungarian and Swedish experiments
Prognoz 8 25 December 1980, 04:02 910 kilograms (2,010 lb) 197,364 kilometres (122,636 mi) 978 kilometres (608 mi) 65.8° Study Solar radiation and Plasma, and Earth's magnetosphere Carried Czechoslovakian, Polish and Swedish experiments
Prognoz 9 1 July 1983, 12:17 1,060 kilograms (2,340 lb) 720,000 kilometres (450,000 mi) 380 kilometres (240 mi) 1.3° Study Solar and cosmic radiation, Solar Plasma, Earth's magnetosphere and Gamma rays Carried Czechoslovakian and French experiments
Prognoz 10 26 April 1985, 05:48 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lb) 194,734 kilometres (121,002 mi) 5,975 kilometres (3,713 mi) 76.8° Study Solar wind and Earth's magnetosphere Intercosmos 23. Carried Czechoslovakian experiments

See also[edit]

References[edit]