Progon, Lord of Kruja

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Progon
Lord of Kruja[1]
Lord of Kruja, 1190–1198
Predecessor None
Successor (Heir) Gjin Progoni

Issue

  • Gjin
  • Dimitri
Titles and styles
archon (Lord, Prince)
Noble family Progon family
Occupation Vassal to Byzantines[2]

Progon[a] was the first Albanian ruler known by name, an archon of the Kruja fortress (modern Krujë) and its surroundings (retrospectively known as "Arbanon"). He ruled between 1190 and 1198. Progon was succeeded by his two sons, Gjin, and Dimitri.

Life[edit]

According to some, Progon's realm was the first Albanian state during the Middle Ages.[3][4][5] Little is known about archon Progon who was the first ruler of Kruja and its surroundings,[6] between 1190 and 1198.[7] The Kruja fortress stayed in the possession of the Progon family, and Progon was succeeded by his sons Gjin, and later Dimitri.[8] Before 1204, Arbanon was an autonomous principality of the Byzantine Empire.[9] He is mentioned with his two sons in an inscription from the St. Mary Monastery in Trifandina, Gëziq, northern Albania.[10] The titles archon (held by Progon) and panhypersebastos (held by Dimitri) is a sign of Byzantine dependence.[2]

Family[edit]

Preceded by
Post created
Lord of Kruja
1190–1198
Succeeded by
Gjin

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ Name: His name is rendered as Progon or Progonos (Greek: Προγονος, Progonos[14]). He is eponymous to the Progon family (Progoni).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fine, p. 673: "Progon (holder of Kroja)"
  2. ^ a b Abulafia, p. 780
  3. ^ Clements 1992, p. 31 "By 1190, Byzantium's power had so receded that the archon Progon succeeded in establishing the first Albanian state of the Middle Ages, a principality"
  4. ^ Pickard-Çeliku 2008, p. 16
  5. ^ Norris 1993, p. 35
  6. ^ Fine, p. 51
  7. ^ Frashëri 1964, p. 42 "The territories of this principality extended over the present- day districts of central Albania. Its capital was at Kruja. The first ruler of the Principality of Arberia was Archon Progon (1190-1198) about whose life and doings we know.."
  8. ^ Anamali-Prifti 2002, p. 215
  9. ^ Ellis, p. 134
  10. ^ Curta, p. 340
  11. ^ Jordan 2003, p. 114
  12. ^ Frashëri 1964, p. 43
  13. ^ Bogdanović-Samardžić 1990, p. 37: "Димитрије Прогон се назива „архонтом Арбанаса" и ступа у међународне везе - са Дубровником, Венецијом и, најзад немањићком Србијом; ожењен је Комнином, кћерком Стефана Првовенчаног."
  14. ^ Byzantinische Zeitschrift, p. 305

Sources[edit]