A Progress-M spacecraft
|Country of origin|| Soviet Union
|Applications||Space station logistics|
|Orbit regimes||Low Earth|
|Derived from||Progress 7K-TG
|On order||11F615A60: 7+|
|Retired||11F615A55: Progress M-67 (2009)|
|First launch||11F615A55: Progress M-1 (1989)
11F615A60: Progress M-01M (2008)
|Last launch||11F615A55: Progress M-67 (2009)|
Progress-M (Russian: Прогресс-М, GRAU indices 11F615A55 and 11F615A60), also known as Progress 7K-TGM, is a Russian, previously Soviet spacecraft which is used to resupply space stations. It is a variant of the Progress spacecraft, originally built in the late 1980s as a modernised version of the Progress 7K-TG spacecraft, using new systems developed for the Soyuz-T and Soyuz-TM spacecraft. The 11F61560 variant incorporated further modernisation, with digital flight control systems replacing the earlier analogue ones. The older 11F615A55 spacecraft was phased out in favour of the 11F615A60, with the last launch of the older model in July 2009.
The first forty three Progress-M spacecraft were used to resupply Mir, with subsequent spacecraft flying to the International Space Station. As of July 2013[update], eighty seven spacecraft have been launched, with sixty seven using the older model, and twenty using the newer version. Launches of the 11F615A60 are continuing. One 11F615A60, Progress M-12M, was lost in a launch failure in August 2011.
The Progress-M1 is a derivative of the Progress-M, optimized to carry more fuel, at the expense of dry cargo and water. It entered service in 2000, and was retired in 2004. A modernised version, incorporating the upgrades made to the Progress-M 11F615A60 was scheduled to enter service in 2011, however this was cancelled before it made its first flight.
The Progress-MS spacecraft, which will replace the Progress-M, is expected to start flying at the end of 2014.
- Comparison of orbital spacecraft
- Automated Transfer Vehicle
- Cygnus spacecraft
- SpaceX Dragon
- H-II Transfer Vehicle
- Wade, Mark. "Progress M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-06-19.
- Krebs, Gunter. "Progress-M 1 - 13, 15 - 37, 39 - 67 (11F615A55, 7KTGM)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-19.
- Krebs, Gunter. "Progress-M 1M - 10M (11F615A60, 7KTGM)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-06-19.