Progress M-05M

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Progress M-05M
Progress M-05M.jpg
Progress M-05M approaching the ISS
Mission type ISS resupply
Operator Roskosmos
COSPAR ID 2010-018A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Progress-M 11F615A60
Manufacturer RKK Energia
Start of mission
Launch date 28 April 2010, 17:15 (2010-04-28UTC17:15Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur Site 1/5
End of mission
Disposal Deorbited
Decay date 15 November 2010 (2010-11-16Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Docking with ISS
Docking port Pirs
Docking date 1 May 2010, 18:30 UTC
Undocking date 25 October 2010, 14:25 UTC
Cargo
Mass 1,497 kilograms (3,300 lb)
Fuel 870 kilograms (1,920 lb)
Water 100 kilograms (220 lb)

Progress M-05M, identified by NASA as Progress 37P, is a Progress spacecraft launched by the Russian Federal Space Agency in April 2010 to resupply the International Space Station (ISS).[1][2] The spacecraft carried fresh food and supplies for the ISS crew. Progress M-05M also hauled some special care packages for the station crew that included confectioneries, books and new movies.[3]

Launch[edit]

Launch of the Soyuz rocket carrying Progress M-05M.

The launch of Progress M-05M, which occurred at 17:15 UTC on 28 April 2010, was conducted from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome,[4] using a Soyuz-U carrier rocket.

The Progress M-05M spacecraft arrived at the Baikonur Cosmodrome by train on 19 March 2010.[5] Shortly after delivery, initial tests of its electronics and Kurs docking system began,[6] which were completed by 29 March.[7] Further testing was subsequently conducted using an acoustic chamber between 1 and 3 April.[8][9] It then underwent a series of leak checks in a vacuum chamber.[9] The spacecraft was fuelled for its mission on 19 April,[10] and mated to its launch adaptor on 21 April.[11] On 22 April, the spacecraft underwent a final inspection before it was encapsulated in the payload fairing[12] It was then transported to the MIK integration building for installation atop the carrier rocket, on 24 April.[13] It was rolled to the launch pad on 26 April, and successfully launched two days later.

Docking[edit]

Progress M-05M approaches the ISS for docking.
Progress M-05M (background) is docked to the Pirs Docking Compartment.

Following three days of free flight,[14] Progress M-05M docked with the Pirs module of the ISS at 18:30 UTC on 1 May.[15][16] During rendezvous operations, when Progress M-05M was about a kilometre from the station, its Kurs docking system failed. Cosmonaut Oleg Kotov used the backup TORU system to manually control the rendezvous and docking, setting a record for the furthest distance a Progress spacecraft was flown under manual control.[17][18]

The Progress M-03M spacecraft, which had previously been occupying the Pirs docking port, departed on 22 April 2010 to make way for Progress M-05M.[19]

Undocking[edit]

Progress M-05M remained docked with the space station until 25 October 2010.[20] The spacecraft undocked from the Pirs docking compartment at 14:25 UTC on 25 October.[21] Expedition 25 Flight Engineer Fyodor Yurchikhin closed and performed leak checks on the hatch between the space station and Progress M-05M on 22 October, completing preparations for the spacecraft’s undocking. The undocking of Progress M-05M cleared the way for the launch of the Progress M-08M spacecraft on 27 October from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. On 30 October 2010, Progress M-08M docked to the Pirs docking compartment vacated by Progress M-05M.

Decay[edit]

After undocking the spacecraft was transferred to a lower orbit. The Progress M-05M spacecraft spent three weeks orbiting a safe distance from the space station. The autonomous mission enabled Russian scientists to conduct geophysical experiments before spacecraft's demise.

On 15 November 2010 Progress M-05M was deorbited and drowned in the South Pacific Ocean several thousand kilometers east of New Zealand.[22] Progress engines were activated by the on board computer and retroburn was initiated at 8:50 UTC. The main engine operated for 186.2 seconds, providing the braking burn of 89.7 mps to the spacecraft. The remaining parts of the Progress M-05M, not burnt during the reentry fell down in the area of 47°57'S 220°44'W at about 9:35 UTC.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Justin Ray (28 April 2010). "Latest cargo ship heads for International Space Station". Spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved 29 April 2010. [dead link]
  2. ^ NASA (28 April 2010). "ISS Progress 37 Launches to Space Station". Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  3. ^ Tariq Malik (28 April 2010). "Robotic Russian Cargo Ship Launches Toward Space Station". SPACE.com. Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  4. ^ "Baikonur’s Pad 1 Prepared for the Progress Launch". Roskosmos. 18 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Progress M-05M Cargo Supply Vehicle Arrives at Baikonur". Roskosmos. 20 March 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "Progress M-05M Undergoes Electrical Tests". Roskosmos. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  7. ^ "Progress M-05M: Autonomous Tests Completed". Roskosmos. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "Progress M-05M Accommodated in the Acoustic Chamber". Roskosmos. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "Cargo Supply Vehicle Progress M-05M to Undergo Leak Tests". Roskosmos. 3 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  10. ^ "Progress M-05M Tanking is Performed at Baikonur". Roskosmos. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  11. ^ "Progress M-05M Upper Composite Assembled at Baikonur". Roskosmos. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  12. ^ "Baikonur: Progress M-05M Upper Composite Integration is Almost Completed". Roskosmos. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  13. ^ "Baikonur: Soyuz-U/Progress M-05M Launch Campaign Continues". Roskosmos. 25 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  14. ^ "MCC is Ready to Control Progress M-05M Mission". Roskosmos. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  15. ^ "Russian Progress freighter docks manually with ISS". RIA Novosti. 2 May 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2010. 
  16. ^ "ISS On-Orbit Status". NASA. 1 May 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  17. ^ Ray, Justin (1 May 2010). "Cosmonaut takes control of resupply ship's docking". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  18. ^ Tariq Malik (1 May 2010). "Russian Cargo Ship Docks at Space Station Despite Malfunction". SPACE.com. Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  19. ^ "ISS On-Orbit Status". NASA. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  20. ^ "ISS On-Orbit Status". NASA. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010. 
  21. ^ Russian Federal Space Agency (25 October 2010). "Progress M-05M Autonomous Mission". Retrieved 26 October 2010. 
  22. ^ ITAR-TASS (15 November 2010). "Progress transport ship disposed of in Pacific". Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  23. ^ Russian Federal Space Agency (15 November 2010). "Progress M-05M Deorbited". Retrieved 17 November 2010.