Progress M-1, was a Soviet unmanned cargo spacecraft which was launched in 1989 to resupply the Mir space station. The eighteenth of sixty four Progress spacecraft to visit Mir, it was the first Progress-M spacecraft to be launched, and had the serial number 201. It carried supplies including food, water and oxygen for the EO-5 crew aboard Mir, as well as equipment for conducting scientific research, and fuel for adjusting the station's orbit and performing manoeuvres. At the time of docking, Mir was unmanned, and remained so until the arrival of the EO-5 crew two weeks later.
Progress M-1 was launched at 03:09:32 GMT on 23 August 1989, atop a Soyuz-U2 carrier rocket flying from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. It docked with the forward port of Mir's Core module at 05:19:02 GMT on 25 August. During the time it was docked, Mir was in an orbit of around 376 by 393 kilometres (203 by 212 nmi). Progress M-1 remained docked with Mir for three months before undocking at 09:02:23 GMT on 1 December to make way for the Kvant-2 module.
Progress M-1 was deorbited at 10:32:00 GMT, a few hours after it had undocked. It burned up in the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean, with remaining debris landing in the ocean at around 11:21 GMT.
Payloads are separated by bullets ( · ), launches by pipes ( | ). Manned flights are indicated in bold text. Uncatalogued launch failures are listed in italics. Payloads deployed from other spacecraft are denoted in (brackets).