Progress M-13M

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Progress M-13M
Progress M-13M.jpg
Progress M-13M approaches the ISS on November 2, 2011
Mission type ISS resupply
Operator Roskosmos
COSPAR ID 2011-062A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Progress-M 11F615A60
Manufacturer RKK Energia
Start of mission
Launch date 30 October 2011, 10:11 (2011-10-30UTC10:11Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur Site 1/5
End of mission
Disposal Deorbited
Decay date 25 January 2012 (2012-01-26)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Docking with ISS
Docking port Pirs
Docking date 2 November 2011, 11:41 UTC
Undocking date 23 January 2012, 22:10 UTC
Time docked 82 days
Cargo
Mass 2,648 kilograms (5,838 lb)

Progress M-13M (Russian: Прогресс М-13М), identified by NASA as Progress 45 or 45P, is a Progress spacecraft which reached the International Space Station (ISS) on 2 November 2011. The Progress M-13M spacecraft lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 10:11 GMT on 30 October, starting off the 45th unmanned Russian space station resupply mission.[1] The spacecraft was manufactured by RKK Energia, and is operated by the Russian Federal Space Agency. The Soyuz-U rocket carrying the cargo ship functioned nominally as advertised. Approximately nine minutes into the launch, Progress M-13M reached its planned preliminary orbit.

Launch[edit]

Progress M-13M launches from Baikonur's pad 1 on October 30, 2011.

The launch of the Progress M-13M spacecraft occurred at 10:11 GMT on 30 October 2011.[2] The launch was the first successful Soyuz booster flight to the Space Station since the 24 August 2011 failure of the Soyuz-U booster carrying the Progress M-12M cargo ship. The temperature on the launch day was 39 °F (4 °C). Approximately nine minutes following the liftoff, the Progress M-13M spacecraft successfully reached orbit and deployed its solar arrays and navigation antennas. The spacecraft was inserted into a parking low-Earth orbit with 51.65 deg. inclination, 192.98 km minimal altitude, 252.9 km maximum altitude, 88.66 minutes orbital period.[3]

Docking[edit]

The Progress M-13M rendezvoused with and dock to the ISS at the Nadir port of the Pirs Docking Compartment 2 November 2011 at 11:41 GMT.[4] The spacecraft followed an unusual three days of free flight instead of the usual two. The Pirs Nadir port was vacated by the Progress M-10M spacecraft on 29 October 2011, which undocked at 9:04 GMT.

After arriving to the vicinity of the ISS, Progress M-13M began a flyaround maneuver to get lined up with the docking port. It then executed a roll maneuver to properly orient its forward nose probe with the Pirs Docking Compartment. A momentary station keeping hold with about 620 feet (190 m) between the two spacecraft allowed Russian flight controllers at the Moscow Mission Control to check the systems before issuing the approval to begin the 11-minute final approach to the ISS.[5] The automated docking system of the Progress M-13M operated flawlessly and the linkup of Progress M-13M to the Space Station's Pirs docking port occurred just before an orbital sunset while the two spacecraft were orbiting 247 miles (398 km) above northern China.

Following the on time docking, hooks and latches were engaged a few minutes after to secure the cargo ship to the ISS. Narrating about the event, NASA commentator Rob Navias said "On the 11th anniversary of the arrival of the first residents of the International Space Station, supplies have arrived to fortify the station for the Expedition 29 crew and beyond," on NASA TV. The Expedition 29 crew of Mike Fossum, Sergei Volkov and Satoshi Furukawa opened the hatches and entered the Progress spacecraft later on the day.

Undocking and decay[edit]

Progress M-13M departs the ISS with the Chibis-M satellite on 23 January 2012.

Progress M-13M remained docked to the Space Station for 82 days.[6] It undocked at 22:10 GMT from Pirs Nadir port on 23 January 2012, releasing the Chibis-M satellite which was produced by the Institute of Space Research Institute and the Lebedev Physical Institute (LPI) prior to de-orbiting.[7] Undocking occurred as the ISS crossed into an orbital sunrise 252 miles above the Chinese-Russian border. Progress engines performed a pair of posigrade burns later at 01:35 and 02:22 UTC on 24 January. The first burn boosted Progress M-13M by 77.7 mph and the second by 58.7 mph to propel the spacecraft into an orbit more than 60 miles higher than the ISS.[8] From its new altitude, the Progress 13M spacecraft ejected the Chibis-M micro-satellite at 23:18 GMT on 24 January.

The 40 kg Chibis-M micro-satellite is designed to study gamma radiation in atmospheric lightning.[9] It carries about 12 kg of equipment for the scientific study. Previously, other spacecraft have found that high-altitude thunderstorm are accompanied by powerful pulses of gamma-and X-ray and radio pulses of ultrahigh power.

Once the deployment of the Chibis-M micro-satellite was successfully accomplished, the mission for Progress M-13M came to an end.[10] The de-orbit braking maneuver for disposal into the South Pacific ocean was initiated at 2:25 GMT on 25 January and lasted for three minutes and 56 seconds. The maneuver slowed Progress M-13M by 280 mph to put its trajectory into the atmosphere to burn up. The spacecraft, encountered the upper fringes of the atmosphere at 3:04 GMT and was expected to break up around 3:11 GMT. Any surviving debris was to splash harmlessly into the Pacific ocean around 3:17 UTC on 25 January. The demise of Progress M-13M in the ocean ended the 86-day, 17-hour voyage that it began with a launch atop a Soyuz booster from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on 2 November 2011.

Cargo[edit]

The Progress M-13M spacecraft was packed with 2.9 tons of food, fuel and supplies, including 1,653 pounds (750 kg) of propellant, 110 pounds (50 kg) of oxygen, 926 pounds (420 kg) of water, and 3,108 pounds (1,410 kg) of maintenance gear, spare parts and hardware for experiments.[11] It also carried two iPads for personal use by the ISS Russian cosmonauts.[12]

Inventory[edit]

Total cargo mass delivered: 2648 kg

Item description [13] Mass (kg)
Propellant in the propulsion system tanks for the ISS needs 250
Propellant in the refuelling system tanks 578
Oxygen 50
Water in the Rodnik system tanks 420
Items in the cargo compartment 1350
SOGS gas mixture composition control 15
SVO water supply control 50
SOTR heat exchange control 9
SUBA equipment control 9
SEP electric supply 1
STOR maintenance and repair items 7
Sanitary and hygienic items 125
SIZ Invividual protection items 17
Lighting means 7
Food containers, fresh products 316
Medical equipment, linen, personal hygienic and prophylactics items 143
FGB hardware 11
Rassvet hardware 4
"Chibis-M" microsatellite and equipment for scientific experiments "Tipologiya", "Ginseng-2", "Struktura", "Plasma Crystal-3 plus" 51
Onboard documentation, crew parcel, video and photo equipment 24
A special delivery for Russian crewmembers 138
US Orbital Segment hardware 423

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Soyuz successfully returns to flight for space station". Spaceflight Now. 2011-10-30. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  2. ^ Peter Harding (2011-10-30). "Progress Launch: Russia successfully resumes Soyuz booster flights to the ISS". NASAspaceflight.com. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  3. ^ "Progress M-13M logistics spacecraft is in orbit". RSC ENERGIA. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Justin Ray (2 November 2011). "Space station welcomes Russian cargo ship arrival". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  5. ^ Chris Gebhardt (2 November 2011). "Progress successfully docks to ISS; Stage set for return of manned Soyuz flight". NASAspaceflight.com. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "Progress Space Freighter Undocks from ISS". RIA NOVOSTI. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Space News Magazine (25 October 2011). "Cosmonauts will play computer games and launch "Chibis"". Mission Control Center Moscow. 
  8. ^ Justin Ray (23 January 2012). "One Russian ship vacates station port for next vehicle". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  9. ^ Merryl Azriel (30 October 2011). "Successful Progress M-13M launch averts ISS shutdown". Space Safety Magazine. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Progress cargo ship buried in Pacific". Voice of Russia. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  11. ^ "Russia launches first Progress since crash". RT. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2011. 
  12. ^ Robert Z. Pearlman (25 October 2011). "iPads and Angry Birds Launching to Space Station". collectSPACE. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  13. ^ "Progress M-13M atop Soyuz-U on Oct 30, 2011". ORBITER FORUM. 2011-10-30. Retrieved 2011-11-02.