Progress M-34

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Progress M-34
Mission type Mir resupply
COSPAR ID 1997-014A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Progress-M 11F615A55
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 7,156 kilograms (15,776 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 6 April 1997, 16:04:05 (1997-04-06UTC16:04:05Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur Site 1/5
End of mission
Disposal Deorbited
Decay date 2 July 1997, 06:31:50 (1997-07-02UTC06:31:51Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Docking with Mir
Docking port Kvant-1 Aft
Docking date 8 April 1997, 17:30:01 UTC
Undocking date 24 June 1997, 10:22:45 UTC
Time docked 76.7 days
Docking with Mir
Docking port Kvant-1 Aft
Docking date 25 June 1997, ~09:20 UTC
Docking failed

Progress M-34 was a Russian unmanned cargo spacecraft which was launched in 1997 to resupply the Mir space station,[1] and which subsequently collided with Mir during a docking attempt, resulting in significant damage to the space station.

Spacecraft[edit]

The fifty-second of sixty four Progress spacecraft to visit Mir, it used the Progress-M 11F615A55 configuration,[2] and had the serial number 234.[3] It carried supplies including food, water and oxygen for the EO-23 crew aboard Mir, as well as equipment for conducting scientific research, and fuel for adjusting the station's orbit and performing manoeuvres. Amongst its cargo were two new spacesuits, three fire extinguishers, oxygen candles, and equipment to facilitate repairs to Mir's life support system.[1][4]

Launch and docking[edit]

Progress M-34 was launched at 16:04:05 UTC on 6 April 1997, atop a Soyuz-U carrier rocket flying from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.[3] Following two days of free flight, it docked with the Aft port of Mir's Kvant-1 module at 17:30:01 GMT on 8 April.[4][5]

Collision[edit]

Progress M-34 undocked from Mir at 10:22:45 UTC on 24 June, in preparation for a docking test planned for the next day. On 25 June, the spacecraft re-approached Mir under manual control, in a test intended to establish whether Russia could reduce the cost of Progress missions by eliminating the Kurs automated docking system. At 09:18 UTC, whilst under the control of Vasily Tsibliyev, the Progress spacecraft collided with the space station's Spektr module, damaging both the module itself, and a solar panel.[4] Following the collision, Progress M-34 was manoeuvred away from the station, before being deorbited on 2 July.[6] Its deorbit burn was conducted at 05:34:58 UTC, with the spacecraft being destroyed during reentry over the Pacific Ocean at 06:31:50.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Progress M-34". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Progress-M 1 - 13, 15 - 37, 39 - 67 (11F615A55, 7KTGM)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "Progress M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Anikeev, Alexander. "Cargo spacecraft "Progress M-34"". Manned Astronautics - Figures & Facts. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 April 2012.