Progress M-57 was launched by a Soyuz-U carrier rocket from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Launch occurred at 15:08:18 GMT on 24 June 2006. The spacecraft docked with the Pirs module at 16:25 GMT on 26 June. It remained docked for five and a half months before undocking at 23:23:52 GMT on 16 January 2007 to make way for Progress M-59. It was deorbited at 02:29 GMT on 17 January 2007. The spacecraft burned up in the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean, with any remaining debris landing in the ocean at around 03:15:20 GMT.
Progress M-57 carried supplies to the International Space Station, including food, water and oxygen for the crew and equipment for conducting scientific research.
Payloads are separated by bullets ( · ), launches by pipes ( | ). Manned flights are indicated in bold text. Uncatalogued launch failures are listed in italics. Payloads deployed from other spacecraft are denoted in brackets.