Progress M-SO1 was launched by a Soyuz-U carrier rocket from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Launch occurred at 23:34:55 GMT on 14 September 2001. The spacecraft docked with the Nadir port of the Zvezda module at 01:05 GMT on 17 September. It remained docked for nine and a half days before it was jettisonned from Pirs at 15:36 GMT on 26 September. It was deorbited at 23:30 GMT on the same day, and burned up in the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean, with any remaining debris landing in the ocean at around 00:01 GMT on 27 September.
Payloads are separated by bullets ( · ), launches by pipes ( | ). Manned flights are indicated in bold text. Uncatalogued launch failures are listed in italics. Payloads deployed from other spacecraft are denoted in brackets.