Progressive Citizens' Party

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Progressive Citizens' Party
Abbreviation FBP
Leader Elfried Hasler
Founded 1918
Headquarters Aeulestrasse 56
9490 Vaduz
Newspaper Liechtensteiner Volksblatt[1]
Ideology National conservatism
Economic liberalism
Political position Right-wing
European affiliation European Democrat Union[2]
Colours Orange
Landtag
10 / 25
Website
www.fbp.li
Politics of Liechtenstein
Political parties
Elections

The Progressive Citizens' Party (German: Fortschrittliche Bürgerpartei in Liechtenstein, English: Progressive Citizens' Party in Liechtenstein, FBP) is a national conservative political party in Liechtenstein.[3] Founded in 1918 along with the now-defunct Christian-Social People's Party, it is the oldest continuously existing party in Liechtenstein.[4]

History[edit]

The party was established in 1918 by middle class citizens and members of the agricultural community as a response to the formation of the Christian-Social People's Party (VP).[5] It won the majority of the elected seats in the 1918 elections,[6] but the VP formed a government.[7]

The VP won elections in 1922, January 1926 and April 1926, but the FBP won the 1928 elections, and became the party of government until 1938,[7] with Josef Hoop serving as Prime Minister until 1945. In 1938 the FBP allowed the Patriotic Union to join it in a coalition government. The two parties governed in coalition until the 1997 elections,[8] after which the Patriotic Union formed a government. The FBP won the 2001 elections and its leader Otmar Hasler became Prime Minister. Following the 2005 elections the coalition was renewed,[8] with Hasler remaining Prime Minister. The VU's Klaus Tschütscher held the post between 2009 and 2013, after which FBP leader Adrian Hasler became Prime Minister.

Electoral performance[edit]

Election Votes  % Seats +/– Position Government
1918
7 / 12
Increase 7 Increase 1st Majority
1922
4 / 15
Decrease 3 Decrease 2nd Opposition
1926 (Jan)
6 / 15
Increase 2 Steady 2nd Opposition
1926 (Apr)
6 / 15
Steady 0 Steady 2nd Opposition
1928
11 / 15
Increase 5 Increase 1st Majority
1930
15 / 15
Increase 4 Steady 1st Majority
1932
13 / 15
Decrease 2 Steady 1st Majority
1936
11 / 15
Decrease 2 Steady 1st Majority
1939
8 / 15
Decrease 11 Steady 1st Coalition
1945 1,553 54.9
8 / 15
Steady 0 Steady 1st Coalition
1949 1,555 52.9
8 / 15
Steady 0 Steady 1st Coalition
1953 (Feb) 1,458 50.5
8 / 15
Steady 0 Steady 1st Coalition
1953 (Jun) 1,568 50.4
8 / 15
Steady 0 Steady 1st Coalition
1957 1,689 52.3
8 / 15
Steady 0 Steady 1st Coalition
1958 1,839 54.5
9 / 15
Increase 1 Steady 1st Coalition
1962 1,599 47.2
8 / 15
Decrease 1 Steady 1st Coalition
1966 1,791 48.5
8 / 15
Steady 0 Steady 1st Coalition
1970 1,978 48.8
7 / 15
Decrease 1 Decrease 2nd Coalition
1974 17,332 50.1
8 / 15
Increase 1 Increase 1st Coalition
1978 18,872 50.8
7 / 15
Decrease 1 Decrease 2nd Coalition
1982 18,273 46.5
7 / 15
Steady 0 Steady 2nd Coalition
1986 39,853 42.7
7 / 15
Steady 0 Steady 2nd Coalition
1989 67,382 42.1
12 / 25
Increase 5 Steady 2nd Coalition
1993 (Feb) 71,209 44.2
12 / 25
Steady 0 Increase 1st Coalition
1993 (Feb) 65,075 41.3
11 / 25
Decrease 1 Decrease 2nd Coalition
1997 65,914 39.2
10 / 25
Decrease 1 Steady 2nd Opposition
2001 92,204 49.9
13 / 25
Increase 3 Increase 1st Majority
2005 94,547 48.7
12 / 25
Decrease 1 Steady 1st Coalition
2009 86,951 43.5
11 / 25
Decrease 1 Decrease 2nd Coalition
2013 77,644 40.0
10 / 25
Decrease 1 Increase 1st Coalition

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortschrittliche Bürgerpartei". e-archiv.li (in German). Liechtenstein National Archives. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.idu.org/regional_list.aspx?id=5
  3. ^ Liechtenstein Parties and Elections
  4. ^ "History". Fürstentum Liechtenstein. Government of Liechtenstein Marketing. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  5. ^ Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p609 ISBN 0-313-23804-9
  6. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1182 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  7. ^ a b McHale, p611
  8. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p1157

External links[edit]