Progressive Dawoodi Bohra
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (December 2010)|
Progressive Dawoodi Bohra is a reform movement within the Dawoodi Bohra subsect of Mustaali Ismai'li Shi'a Islam. They disagree with mainstream Dawoodi Bohra, as led by the Da'i al-Mutlaq, on doctrinal, economic and social issues.
The Progressive Dawoodi Bohra were led by Asghar Ali Engineer, until his death in 2013. Engineer had alleged that the 51st Da'i Syedna Taher Saifuddin claimed infallibility and issued new doctrines pronouncing that all properties owned by the Bohras (including mosques) belonged to the Syedna, and that they are mere munims (account keepers) on his behalf.[dead link] Further, the Da'i Syedna professed to have instituted a doctrine of Raza, which required that his followers do nothing (secular or religious, including namaz) without first attaining his permission. The policy of requiring a Raza began in 1902, when the 50th Da'i Syedna demanded that it be sought before construction of a secular school in Burhanpur could begin.[dead link] Several Bohras challenged Saifuddin's authority through litigation in Mumbai courts and the Syedna's claims were accepted by the judge.
The Progressive Dawoodi Bohra community also claims that the 52nd Da'i Syedna Mohammad Burhanuddin asserted the same rights as Saifuddin. The ruling was appealed before the Rajasthan High Court at Jodhpur. Progressive Bohras claimed that the Waqf Act of 1954 provided exclusive control of property such as mosques to the Waqf Board, and that the Syedna had no rights over them.