Prohor Pčinjski

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Prohor Pčinjski
Прохор Пчињски
Монастырь Прохор Пчиньский.JPG
View of the Prohor Pčinjski.
Monastery information
Full name Monastery of Venerable Prohor of Pčinja
Order Serbian Orthodox
Established 11th century
Dedicated to Saint Prohor of Pčinja
Diocese Vranje
People
Founder(s) Romanos IV Diogenes
Architecture
Heritage designation Monuments of Culture of Exceptional Importance
Designated date 1979
Site
Location Klenike, Pčinja District, Serbia

The Monastery of Venerable Prohor of Pčinja (Serbian: Manastir Prepodobnog Prohora Pčinjskog / Манастир Преподобног Прохора Пчињског, commonly known as Prohor Pčinjski) is an 11th-century Serbian Orthodox monastery in the deep south of Serbia, located in the village of Klenike, some 30 km south of Vranje, near the border with Macedonia. It is situated at the slopes of Mount Kozjak at the left side of the Pčinja River.[1] The monastery was founded in the 11th century and is the second largest Serbian Orthodox monastery complex after Hilandar.[2]

History[edit]

According to tradition, the monastery was founded 1067–1071 by the Byzantine emperor Romanus IV in honour of Saint Prohor of Pčinja, who prophesied that Romanus would become the emperor.[2] The relics of Saint Prohor are located in the monastery.[2] A major renovation of the monastery was undertaken in the early 14th century under King Milutin of Serbia when the frescoes were painted.[2] After the Battle of Kosovo (1389) the monastery was destroyes by the Ottomans, but was rebuilt later in the 14th century, and new frescoes were painted.[2]

In 1913, King Peter I of Serbia financed construction of a new residential building for monastery monks (so called "King's residence").[1] The last renovation of the monastery happened in the 1990s.[2] Two now residential buildings, a watermill and a mini hydro power plant were added since.[2] The renovation of the King's residence started in 2013.[1]

On 2 August 1944, the anniversary of the Ilinden uprising day, the first session of the Anti-fascist Assembly for the National Liberation of Macedonia (ASNOM) was held in the monastery. The Assembly declared Macedonia the nation-state of ethnic Macedonians within Yugoslavia[3] and proclaimed the Macedonian language as the official language of the Macedonian state.

In 2010, an underground room from the early middle ages was found in the yard near the monastery.[4] Detailed archaeological examination has not been undertaken yet, because of lack of funds.[5]

For the most of its history, Prohor Pčinjski was male monastery, except in 1987–1992 when it was female monastery.[2] The monastery was declared a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia.[6]

Within the monastery there is a theological school and iconography is taught there.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Obnova Kraljevog konaka manastira Prohor Pčinjski ("Reconstruction of the King's Residence of the Prohor Pčinjski Monastery")". http://www.novosti.rs/. Večernje novosti. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Veljković, Slađana (26 September 2009). "Zapostavljena svetinja ("A Shrine Neglected")". http://www.novosti.rs/. Večernje novosti. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  3. ^ www.ajmonegde.com:Manastir Prohor Pčinjski, retrieved 21 December 2013
  4. ^ "Prohor Pčinjski: Otkopana građevina ("Prohor Pčinjski: Structure Excavated")". http://www.novosti.rs/. Večernje novosti. 16 April 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Za Prohor Pčinjski nema para ("No Money fot Prohor Pčinjski")". http://www.novosti.rs/. Večernje novosti. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Group of authors (2007). Spomeničko nasleđe Srbije: nepokretna kulturna dobra od izuzetnog i od velikog značaja (2 ed.). Belgrade. ISBN 9788680879604. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°19′45″N 21°53′43″E / 42.32917°N 21.89528°E / 42.32917; 21.89528