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Prolagus oeningensis 01.JPG
Prolagus oeningensis fossil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Lagomorpha
Family: Prolagidae
Gureev, 1960
Genus: Prolagus
Pomel, 1853
Type species
Anoema aeningensis
König, 1825

See text

Prolagidae is an extinct family within the order of lagomorphs, which also includes the Leporidae (rabbits and hares). One genus, Prolagus, is recognised within the family, which was previously considered a subfamily of Ochotonidae, as Prolaginae.[1]

Prolagus first appeared in the Early Miocene in Europe, where it survived until historical times. In Africa and Asia, the genus is known from the Miocene and Pliocene.[2] The scientific name may mean "before rabbits" or "primitive rabbits" (pro- meaning "before" and lagos meaning "rabbit").


Reconstruction of Prolagus sardus

The genus Prolagus consists of several prehistoric species.[3] Only one, the Sardinian pika (P. sardus), survived in historical time.[4]


  1. ^ Hoffman, R. S.; Smith, A. T. (2005). "Order Lagomorpha". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 193–194. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ McKenna, M.C.; Bell, S.K. Classification of Mammals: Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press. p. 109. ISBN 0-231-11013-8. 
  3. ^ Angelone, C. (2004). "Messinian Prolagus (Lagomorpha, Mammalia) of Italy". Messinian Online. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  4. ^ Nowak, Ronald M. (1999). Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th edition, volume II. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1936 pp. 
  5. ^ Čermák, S.; Angelone C. (2013). Revision of the type material of the Pliocene species Prolagus bilobus Heller, 1936 (Mammalia, Lagomorpha), with comments on the taxonomic validity of P. osmolskae Fostowicz-Frelik, 2010. Bulletin of Geosciences 88(1): 45-50.
  6. ^ Fostowicz-Frelik, Ł. 2010. A new species of Pliocene Prolagus (Lagomorpha, Ochotonidae) from Poland is the northernmost record of the genus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30(2): 609–612.