The Sardinian pika (Prolagus sardus) was a primitive lagomorph native to the Mediterranean islands of Sardinia and Corsica until its extinction around the year 1800. The previously disappeared Corsican pika (formerly Prolagus corsicanus) is now considered to be conspecific with this species.
Early Sardinian authors describe the Sardinian pika as "a giant rabbit with no tail", and it is believed that the Nuragici, the ancient peoples of Sardinia, viewed them as a delicacy. The last surviving population probably existed in the island of Tavolara off the coast of Sardinia, where Francesco Cetti mentions in 1774 the existence of "giant rats whose burrows are so abundant that one might think the surface of the soil had been recently turned over by pigs".
- Hoffman, R. S.; Smith, A. T. (2005). "Order Lagomorpha". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Smith, A.T. & Johnston, C.H. (2008). Prolagus sardus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
- Kurtén, Björn (1968) Pleistocene Mammals of Europe. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London
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