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- Promachus, son of Aeson and Alcimede or Amphinome, killed by Pelias along with his father while his older brother, Jason, searched for the Golden Fleece.
- Promachus, a son of Parthenopaeus and one of the Epigoni, who attacked the city of Thebes to avenge their fathers, the Seven Against Thebes, who died attempting the same thing. Promachus died in the attack, and was buried nearby at Teumessus.
- Promachus of Cnossus, who was desperate to win the love of the handsome youth Leucocomas. He risked his life facing various challenges to win notable prizes, but Leucocomas remained indifferent. Finally, Promachus won a famous helmet for a prize and put it on the head of another youth in the presence of Leucocomas: the latter was overcome with jealousy and stabbed himself.
- The name Promachus, "the champion", also occurs as a surname of Athena in Athens, Heracles at Thebes, and of Hermes at Tanagra.
- Promachus of Macedon, a common soldier who died of alcohol abuse.
- Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 50. 2
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 9. 27
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9.19.2.
- Homer, Iliad, 14. 475–505
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 8. 24. 2
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 7. 26 ff
- Conon, Narrations, 15
- Pausanias. Description of Greece, 9. 11. § 2.
- Pausanias. Description of Greece, ix. 22. §2.
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