Promised Day Brigades

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Promised Day Brigades (PDB)
Participant in the Iraq War
Flag of Promised Day Brigades.svg
Flag of the Promised Day Brigades.
Active November 2008–present
Leaders Muqtada al-Sadr
Headquarters Sadr City, Baghdad
Area of
operations
Iraq and Syria
Strength

15,000 (2008)[1]

5,000 (2011)[2]
Part of Special Groups
Originated as Mahdi Army
Allies

 Syria
 Iran
Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq
Kata'ib Hezbollah

Other Special Groups
Opponents

United States-Iraq
MNF–I

Syria Free Syrian Army
Battles
and wars
Iraq War
Syrian Civil War

The Promised Day Brigades (PDB) (Arabic: لواء اليوم الموعود Liwa al-Youm al-Mawud), originally called the Muqawimun[3] is a Shi'a organization and was an insurgent group operating in Iraq during the war. In 2010 it was one of the largest and most powerful of what the US military call "Special Groups" in Iraq.[4] The group was created as successor to Muqtada al-Sadr's Mahdi Army, which was Iraq's largest Shi'a militia until its disbanding in 2008, he also called on other Special Groups to join the brigades. Sadr had earlier already talked about the creation of a smaller guerrilla unit which would continue the Mahdi Army's armed activities but for the first time gave the organisation a name in November 2008 when he declared the creation of the Promised Day Brigades.[5] Its activities have particularly increased since May 2009.[3] The group is alleged[by whom?] to receive Iranian support. A crackdown against the group in end 2009 led to the arrest of 18 of its members including several commanders.[6] On November 29, 2009, the group's Basra leader was arrested in al-Amarah.[7]

In October 2009 the Promised Day Brigade fought a battle with rival Special Group Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq for influence in Sadr City. The Promised Day Brigade reportedly won the battle and even managed to destroy the house of Abdul Hadi al-Darraji, a senior Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq leader. Since then the PDB has been the most powerful Special Group in the ex-Mahdi Army stronghold of Sadr City and has increased its activity there.[8]

On July 21, 2010 General Ray Odierno said Iran supports three Shiite groups in Iraq that had attempted to attack US bases:[9] US officials believe that of these three groups, the Promised Day Brigades poses the greatest threat to Iraq's long-term security.[2]

  1. the Promised Day Brigades
  2. Ketaib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Brigades)
  3. Asaib Ahl al-Haq (League of the Righteous)

See also[edit]

References[edit]