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Propertarianism is an ethical discipline within libertarian philosophy that is used to advocate and justify private and contractual models of government as replacements for monopolistic bureaucracies organized as states.
It appears that the term was coined (in its most recent sense, at least) by Edward Cain, in 1963:
- ... Since [Libertarians'] use of the word "liberty" refers almost exclusively to property, it would be helpful if we had some other word, such as "propertarian," to describe them. [....] Ayn Rand .... is the closest to what I mean by a propertarian.
Markus Verhaegh states Rothbardian libertarian anarchism or anarcho-capitalism advocate that property only may originate by being the product of labor, and may then only legitimately change hands by trade or gift. They term this as "neo-Lockean".(2006)
Non or anti-propertarianism
Ursula K. Le Guin, in the science fiction novel The Dispossessed (1974), contrasted a propertarian society with one that does not recognize property rights. She used the term in a negative sense because she believed property objectified human beings. She has been described as an anarcho-communist.
Non-propertarians like Murray Bookchin also have been called anti-propertarians. Bookchin described three concepts of possession: property itself, possession, and usufruct, appropriation of resources by virtue of use.
In relation to copyright laws
Non-propertarians and anarchists claim freedom of expression is not possible without abolition of intellectual property laws. The "Indymedia experiment" has been described as opposition to "propertarian information control" by anarchist-oriented opponents of "corporativism."
Libertarians who generally support property rights may be non-propertarian in relation to intellectual property. John Markoff, in What the Dormouse Said: How the 60s Counterculture Shaped the Personal Computer Industry contrasts "information propertarians"—who want strict enforcement of copyright law in relation to use of the internet—with "information libertarians" who have a more flexible view of such intellectual property rights. However, his approach has been criticized as being out of date for ending its analysis in the mid-1970s.
- Edward Cain (1963). They'd Rather Be Right: youth and the conservative movement. Macmillan. pp. 32–36. ASIN B0000CLYF9.
- Hans Morgenthua, p. 174.
- Hans Joachim Morgenthau, (Kenneth W. Thompson, Robert John Myers, Editors), Truth and tragedy: a tribute to Hans J. Morgenthau, Transaction Publishers, p. 165, 1984 ISBN 0-87855-866-7.
- Marcus Cunliffe, The right to property: a theme in American history, Sir George Watson lecture delivered in the University of Leicester, 4 May 1973 Leicester University Press, 1974 ISBN 0-7185-1129-8, ISBN 978-0-7185-1129-6
- Rob Kroes, Them and us: questions of citizenship in a globalizing world, University of Illinois Press, p. 208, 2000 ISBN 0-252-06909-9
- Marcus Cunliffe, In search of America: transatlantic essays, 1951-1990, p. 307, 1991.
- Verhaegh, Marcus (2006). "Rothbard as a Political Philosopher". Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (4): 3.
- David Boaz, Cato Institute, Toward liberty: the idea that is changing the world : 25 years of public policy from the Cato Institute, Cato Institute, p. 386, 2002 ISBN 1-930865-27-9
- L. Neil Smith, The American Zone, p. 167, 2002.
- John J. Pierce, When world views collide: a study in imagination and evolution, p. 163, 1989.
- Doherty, Brian (2008). "Rothbard, Murray (1926–1995)". In Hamowy, Ronald. The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; Cato Institute. p. 442. ISBN 978-1-4129-6580-4. LCCN 2008009151. OCLC 750831024.
- Ursela K. Le Guin, The dispossessed: a novel, HarperCollins, various pages, 2003 ISBN 0-06-051275-X
- John P. Reeder, Source, sanction, and salvation: religion and morality in Judaic and Christian traditions, p. 113, 1988. Reeder uses phrase "nonpropertarian" to describe Le Guin's views.
- Laurence Davis, Peter G. Stillman, The new utopian politics of Ursula K. Le Guin's The dispossessed, Lexington Books, p. xvii, 2005.
- On Triton and Other Matters: An Interview with Samuel R. Delany, Science Fiction Studies, November 1990.
- Ellie Clement and Charles Oppenheim, Department of Information Science, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leics Great Britain, Anarchism, Alternative Publishers and Copyright, Journal of Anarchist Studies, undated.
- Marc Garcelon, "The `Indymedia' Experiment: The Internet as Movement Facilitator Against Institutional Control", in "Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies," Vol. 12, No. 1, 55-82 (2006)
- Chris Atton, An alternative Internet, Edinburgh University Press, p. 102-107 2004 ISBN 0-7486-1770-1
- Kinsella, Stephan, Against Intellectual Property, Journal of Libertarian Studies 15.2 (Spring 2001): 1-53.
- Ian Garrick Mason, Turn on, tune in, log on; The PC and the Internet sprang from pot-smoking, acid-dropping California dreamers, book review, San Francisco Chronicle, April 24, 2005.
- Vaughan Black, Review of What the Dormouse Said: How the Sixties Counterculture Shaped the Personal Computer Industry, Canadian Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 3.