Propoxur

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Propoxur
Propoxur.png
Names
IUPAC name
2-Isopropoxyphenyl N-methylcarbamate
Identifiers
ATCvet code QP53AE02
114-26-1 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:34938 N
ChEMBL ChEMBL446060 N
ChemSpider 4775 N
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG C14334 YesY
PubChem 4944
UNII BFH029TL73 YesY
Properties
C11H15NO3
Molar mass 209.24 g·mol−1
Appearance White to tan crystalline powder[1]
Melting point 86 to 92 °C; 187 to 197 °F; 359 to 365 K
Hazards
Flash point > 149 °C; 300 °F; 422 K
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
none[2]
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Propoxur (Baygon) is a carbamate insecticide and was introduced in 1959. Propoxur is a non-systemic insecticide with a fast knockdown and long residual effect used against turf, forestry, and household pests and fleas. It is also used in pest control for other domestic animals, Anopheles mosquitoes, ants, gypsy moths, and other agricultural pests.[3][4] It can also be used as a molluscicide.[4][5][6]

Several U.S. states have petitioned the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to use propoxur against bedbug infestations, but the EPA has been reluctant to approve indoor use because of its potential toxicity to children after chronic exposure.[7]

Action[edit]

Carbamate insecticides kill insects by reversibly inactivating the enzyme acetylcholinesterase.

Environmental effects[edit]

It rapidly breaks down in alkaline solution.[8] Propoxur is highly toxic to many bird species, but its toxicity varies by the species. It is moderately to slightly toxic to fish and other aquatic species. Propoxur is highly toxic to honeybees.[6]

References[edit]