Propyl acetate

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Propyl acetate
Propyl acetate
Identifiers
CAS number 109-60-4 YesY
PubChem 7997
ChemSpider 7706 YesY
UNII 4AWM8C91G6 YesY
DrugBank DB01670
ChEBI CHEBI:40116 N
ChEMBL CHEMBL44857 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C5H10O2
Molar mass 102.13 g mol−1
Appearance Clear, colorless liquid
Density 0.89 g/cm3[1]
Melting point −95 °C (−139 °F; 178 K)[1]
Boiling point 102 °C (216 °F; 375 K)[1]
Solubility in water 18.9 g/L[1]
Hazards
EU classification Flammable (F)
Irritant (Xi)
R-phrases R11, R36
S-phrases (S2), S16, S26, S29,
S33
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g., gasoline) Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity (yellow): no hazard code Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)[1]
Autoignition temperature 450 °C (842 °F; 723 K)
LD50 9370 mg/kg (oral, rat)[2]
17800 mg/kg (dermal, rabbit)[3]
Related compounds
Related esters ethyl acetate
n-butyl acetate
isobutyl acetate
Related compounds propan-1-ol
acetic acid
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Propyl acetate, also known as propyl ethanoate, is a chemical compound used as a solvent. This clear, colorless liquid is known by its characteristic odor of pears. Due to this fact, it is commonly used in fragrances and as a flavor additive. It is formed by the esterification of acetic acid and 1-propanol, often via Fischer–Speier esterification.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Record in the GESTIS Substance Database from the IFA
  2. ^ Jenner, P; Hagan, E; Taylor, J; Cook, E; Fitzhugh, O (1964). "Food flavourings and compounds of related structure I. Acute oral toxicity". Food and Cosmetics Toxicology 2: 327. doi:10.1016/S0015-6264(64)80192-9. 
  3. ^ Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 1/25/1965

External links[edit]