General Prosecutor of Ukraine
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|General Prosecutor of Ukraine
Генеральний прокурор України
|Term length||Five years|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Ukraine, Article 122|
|Inaugural holder||Dmytro Markevych (originally) / Viktor Shishkin|
|Formation||January 18, 1918 (originally) / November 5, 1991|
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The General Prosecutor of Ukraine (also Attorney General of Ukraine, Ukrainian: Генеральний прокурор України) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known as the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine (Генеральна прокуратура України). The term of authority of the Prosecutor is five years. The office is currently headed by Vitaly Yarema. There are seven more additional deputies to the General Prosecutor.
The Office of the Prosecutor General is entrusted with:
- prosecution in court on behalf of the State;
- representation of the interests of a citizen or of the State in court in cases determined by law;
- supervision of the observance of laws by bodies that conduct detective and search activity, inquiry and pre-trial investigation;
- supervision of the observance of laws in the execution of judicial decisions in criminal cases, and also in the application of other measures of coercion related to the restraint of personal liberty of citizens.
The Prosecutor General is appointed to office by the President of Ukraine with the consent of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). The Prosecutor is dismissed from office by the President. The Verkhovna Rada may express no confidence in the Prosecutor that results in his or her resignation from office.
Duties and powers
Both in theory and in practice, the Prosecutor General and his/her office wield considerable power. For instance, only the Prosecutor General and the Chairman of the Supreme Court of Ukraine may file requests to the Verkhovna Rada to withhold the immunity of deputies from detainment or arrest.
On the annual basis the General Prosecutor has to report to the Verkhovna Rada about the legal situation in the country.
The General Prosecutor creates a collegiate council consisting out of the General Prosecutor, his first and other deputies, the Prosecutor of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (ARK), and other leaders of prosecution agencies.
List of General Prosecutor of Soviet Ukraine
In the early years of the Ukrainian SSR the office of Prosecutor General corresponded also with the Minister of Justice until spring 1936.
|#||General Prosecutor of the Ukrainian SSR||Name|
|1||June 1922 — 1927||Mykola Skrypnyk|
|2||1927 — 1930||Vasyl Poraiko|
|3||1930 — 1933||Vasyl Polyakov|
|4||1933 — 1935||Mykhailo Mykhailyk|
|5||1935 — 1936||Arkadiy Kiselyov|
|6||spring 1936||Grigoriy Zhelyeznogorskiy|
List of prosecutor of Soviet Ukraine
From 1937 to 1991 the republican prosecution office of Ukraine was subordinated to the Prosecutor General of the USSR. Until 1937 the general prosecutor of Ukraine was appointed by the higher bodies of state power of Ukraine.
|#||Prosecutor of the Ukrainian SSR||Name|
|1||1938 — 1944||Leonid Yachenin|
|2||June 1944 — 1953||Roman Rudenko|
|3||August 1953 — February 1963||Denys Panasyuk|
|4||1963 — 1983||Fedir Hlukh|
|5||January 1983 — February 1990||Petro Osypenko|
List of the General Prosecutors
The list shows prosecutors of the independent Ukraine. In the absence of the General Prosecutor (GP) the office is headed by his First Deputy as the acting GP.
|#||General Prosecutor of Ukraine||Name|
|1||September 4, 1991 — October 21, 1993||Viktor Shyshkin|
|2||October 21, 1993 — October 19, 1995||Vladyslav Datsiuk|
|3||October 19, 1995 — July 22, 1997||Hryhoriy Vorsinov|
|act||July 22, 1997 — April 24, 1998||Oleh Lytvak|
|act||April 24, 1998 — July 17, 1998||Bohdan Ferents|
|4||July 17, 1998 — April 30, 2002||Mykhailo Potebenko|
|April 30, 2002 — July 6, 2002||none|
|5||July 6, 2002 — October 29, 2003||Sviatoslav Piskun|
|October 29, 2003 — November 18, 2003||none|
|6||November 18, 2003 — December 9, 2004||Hennadiy Vasylyev|
|December 9, 2004 — December 10, 2004||none|
|7||December 10, 2004 — October 14, 2005||Sviatoslav Piskun|
|October 14, 2005 — November 4, 2005||none|
|8||November 4, 2005 — April 26, 2007||Oleksandr Medvedko|
|9||April 26, 2007 — May 24, 2007||Sviatoslav Piskun|
|act||May 24, 2007 — June 1, 2007||Viktor Shemchuk|
|10||June 1, 2007 — November 3, 2010||Oleksandr Medvedko|
|11||November 4, 2010 — February 22, 2014||Viktor Pshonka|
|comm||February 22, 2014 — February 24, 2014||Oleh Makhnitsky|
|act||February 24, 2014 — June 18, 2014||Oleh Makhnitsky|
|June 19, 2014 —||Vitaly Yarema|
- act — acting
- comm — Parliamentary commissioner
- MPs agree to Yarema's appointment as prosecutor general, Interfax-Ukraine (19 June 2014)
- On appointment of Makhnitsky O.I. the Commissioner to monitor the activities of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine. RESOLUTION of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine № 760-VII. February 22, 2014
- On appointment of O.Makhnitsky as acting General Prosecutor of Ukraine. DECREE OF THE PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE № 91/2014. February 24, 2014
- Ukrainian president dismisses Makhnitsky as acting prosecutor general, Interfax-Ukraine (18 June 2014)