Procurator General of the Soviet Union
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The Procurator General of the USSR (Генеральный прокурор СССР in Russian, or Generalnyi prokuror SSSR), was the highest functionary of the Office of Public Procurator of the USSR, responsible for the whole system of offices of public procurators and supervision of their activities on the territory of the Soviet Union.
The office of procurator had its historical roots in Imperial Russia, and under Soviet law public procurators had wide ranging responsibilities including, but not limited to, those of public prosecutors found in other legal systems. Offices of Public Procurators were and are still used in other countries adhering to the doctrine of Socialist law.
The Office of Public Procurator of the USSR was created in 1936, and its head was called Public Procurator of the USSR until 1946, when it was changed to Procurator General of the USSR. According to the 1936 Soviet Constitution, the Procurator General exercised the highest degree of direct or indirect (through subordinate public procurators) control over the accurate execution of laws by all ministries, departments, their subordinate establishments and enterprises, executive and administrative bodies of local Soviets, cooperative organizations, officials (including judges in court proceedings), and citizens on behalf of the state.
The Procurator General was appointed by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR for a 7-year term and given a class rank of the Active state counselor of justice. His deputies and Procurator General of the Military were appointed by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on recommendation from Procurator General. The Procurator General appointed public procurators of the Soviet republics and, on their recommendation, public procurators of autonomous republics, krais, oblasts and autonomous oblasts. He also issued orders and instructions for all of the offices of public procurators, instructed on differentiation of their competence, etc.[clarification needed]
The Procurator General's participation in the plenary sessions of the Supreme Court of the USSR was mandatory. He had the right to obtain on demand any case from any court for checking purposes, voice his protest over a law, verdict, decree, or definition, which had already come into force, of any court and to suspend them until the matter was resolved.
- Pyotr Krasikov (15 March 1924–20 June 1933)
- Ivan Akulov (20 June 1933–3 March 1935)
- Andrey Vyshinsky (3 March 1935–31 May 1939, from 1931 - the prosecutor of the RSFSR)
- Mikhail Pankratov (31 May 1939–7 August 1940). Mikhail Ivanovich Pankratiev (31 May 1939–7 August 1940).
- Viktor Bochkov (7 August 1940–11 March 1943)
- Konstantin Gorshenin (12 March 1943–4 February 1948, from 1946—Procurator General of the USSR)
- Gregory Safonov (5 February 1948–8 August 1953)
- Roman Rudenko (8 August 1953–23 January 1981)
- Alexander Rekunkov (9 February 1981–26 May 1988)
- Aleksandr Sukharev (26 May 1988–22 September 1990)
- Nikolai Trubin (11 December 1990–29 January 1992)