Prospect, North Carolina

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Prospect, North Carolina
CDP
Prospect, North Carolina is located in North Carolina
Prospect, North Carolina
Prospect, North Carolina
Location within the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 34°43′45″N 79°13′15″W / 34.72917°N 79.22083°W / 34.72917; -79.22083Coordinates: 34°43′45″N 79°13′15″W / 34.72917°N 79.22083°W / 34.72917; -79.22083
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Robeson
Area
 • Total 2.7 sq mi (7.0 km2)
 • Land 2.7 sq mi (7.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 190 ft (58 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 690
 • Density 255.8/sq mi (98.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 37-53950[1]
GNIS feature ID 1852666[2]

Prospect is a census-designated place (CDP) in Robeson County, North Carolina. The population was 690 at the 2000 census. Located due northeast of Pembroke, North Carolina, Prospect is a traditionally Methodist community, with its church members largely becoming representatives for the entirety of the American Indian-Methodist community. Prospect is noted for one of its native sons, Adolph Dial, whose contributions to American Indian Studies have led to an heightened awareness of the local Lumbee Tribe and Native Americans throughout the Southeastern United States.

Geography[edit]

Prospect is located at 34°43′45″N 79°13′15″W / 34.72917°N 79.22083°W / 34.72917; -79.22083 (34.729295, -79.220714).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2), all of it land.

The Prospect community is general considered to cover as far east as Preston and Red Hill Rd., and as far North as Old Maxton/Red Spring Rd.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 690 people, 239 households, and 183 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 255.8 people per square mile (98.7/km²). There were 248 housing units at an average density of 91.9/sq mi (35.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was:

There were 239 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.38.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $34,038, and the median income for a family was $42,143. Males had a median income of $31,583 versus $11,705 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,359. About 20.1% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Origin[edit]

Many believe the origin of the Prospect community began when Preston Locklear claimed large swaths of land along what is known today as the Long Swamp.

Churches in Prospect[edit]

Unlike the majority of Robeson County, the boundary of Prospect Community contains almost exclusively Methodist churches; the Methodist churches included within Prospect are Prospect United Methodist Church, Prospect Methodist Church, New Prospect Church, and New Prospect Methodist Church.[4] Prospect United Methodist Church was itself founded by the Reverend W.L. Moore, the grandfather of Adolph Dial, founder of the American Indian Studies department at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke.[5] Notably, Island Grove Baptist Church is the only non-Methodist church in the community, having broken-off from the theology to join the Burnt Swamp Baptist Association in 1955.[6]

Importance of Prospect United Methodist Church[edit]

The pillar of Prospect community is Prospect United Methodist Church, or as it's been known since it first appeared in the Wilmington Star in 1871, Prospect Church.[7] The importance of Prospect Church to the community is best told through the vast assembly of its buildings, spanning a distance of 150 yards along W.L. Moore Road; this series of buildings, known as the "Temple" serves the largest congregation of Native Americans in the United States.[8] The construction of the church, which would become the basis for the founding of Prospect Community, was due in large part to the efforts of local farmers in the area, allowing them to come together relative to their shared space. Over the course of the years major construction projects leading to new buildings were completed in 1865, 1876, 1895, 1946, 1961, 1970, 1976, 1987 and 1989.[9] Though no longer standing, the original structure built in 1865 and the second structure built in 1876, were both made of logs and pegs, with the 1865 sructure also serving as a single-room schoolhouse. The 1895 assembly, the last structure to be made out of timber, still stands today behind Moore's Chainsaw.[10] The church is now the main producer of spokespeople for Lumbee Methodist, with members attending national conferences as representatives and delegates for the American Indian-Methodist community.[11] The church also has had an active role in the community's schools and education, with a daily worship service offered by the church to local high school students, and the establishment of the Anderson Scholarship Fund to help benefit those who pursue church vocations as a result of being a part of the youth services.[12]

Adolph Dial[edit]

A notable member of Prospect Methodist Church, Adolph Dial was the Founding Chairman of the Department of American Indian Studies at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke.[13] Born in Prospect in 1922 to Noah and Mary Ellen Dial, Dial would become a leading authority in academia for not only the Lumbee tribe, but also among North Carolinian and national historians in the field of Native American studies.[14] Though Dial gained statewide recognition soon after his employment at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke in 1958, Dial grew to national prominence during his tenure on the American Indian Policy Review Commission.[15] In 1971, the Ford Foundation provided Dial and fellow history professor at UNC-P, David Eliades a great for continued research on the Lumbee Indians--this in turn led to the publication of the 1975 ethnography, ''The Only Land I Know: A History of the Lumbee Indians'', an expansive history of the tribe covering its history from colonialism through the modern-day.[16] Dial's contributions have led to the establishment of scholarly awards in his name at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke, as well the naming of the Dial Humanities Building on the school's campus.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ Google. "Churches in Prospect, NC." Accessed March 29, 2015. https://www.google.com/maps/search/churches+in+prospect,+nc/@34.7375482,-79.2147561,13z
  5. ^ Linda Oxendine, "Remembering Adolph Dial: A Man for all Seasons", last updated September 04, 2013, http://robesonian.com/news/news_local_features/2403182/Remembering-Adolph-Dial:-A-man-for-all-seasons.
  6. ^ Burnt Swamp Baptist Association, The History of Burnt Swamp Baptist Association and its Chruches (2002), 70.
  7. ^ Joseph Michael Smith, The Lumbee Methodists: Getting to Know Them--A Folk History(Commission of Archives and History Press, Raleigh, NC: 1990), 30. Print
  8. ^ Smith, Lumbee Methodists, 30.
  9. ^ Smith, Lumbee Methodists, 31.
  10. ^ "Prospect United Methodist Church: Church History", accessed April 17, 2015, http://www.prospectumc.net/about-church-history.php.
  11. ^ Smith, Lumbee Methodists, 32.
  12. ^ Smith, Lumbee Methodists, 32.
  13. ^ Joseph Michael Smith, The Lumbee Methodists: Getting to Know Them (Raleigh: Commission of Archives and History, 1990), 93.
  14. ^ Linda Oxendine "Remembering Adolph Dial: A Man for all Seasons", last modified September 04, 2013, http://robesonian.com/news/news_local_features/2403182/Remembering-Adolph-Dial:-A-man-for-all-seasons.
  15. ^ "Remembering Adolph Dial"
  16. ^ "Remembering Adolph Dial"
  17. ^ "Dial Humanities Building",last modified on October 15, 2012, http://www2.uncp.edu/map/dial_humanities_bldg.htm