Prospect Heights, Brooklyn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 40°40′40″N 73°58′10″W / 40.67778°N 73.96944°W / 40.67778; -73.96944

Late 19th century brownstones in Prospect Heights
Prospect Heights lies within a section of Community Board 8, Brooklyn, New York City.
Row houses on Carlton Avenue, Prospect Heights.

Prospect Heights is a neighborhood in the northwest of the New York City borough of Brooklyn. The traditional boundaries are Flatbush Avenue to the west, Atlantic Avenue to the north, Eastern Parkway – beginning at Grand Army Plaza – to the south, and Washington Avenue to the east.[1][2][3][4][5] In the northern section of Prospect Heights, are the Vanderbilt Railyards, which could become part of the massive and controversial Atlantic Yards project. The Barclays Center, home to the NBA's Brooklyn Nets basketball team, is located in the northwestern corner of the neighborhood at Flatbush and Atlantic Avenues.

Compared to other Brooklyn neighborhoods, Prospect Heights is relatively small and is notable for its cultural diversity as well as its tree-lined streets. Prospect Heights has seen rapid demographic changes over the last decade, and its shifts are exemplified by a mixture of older buildings under reconstruction, rows of classic 1890s brownstones, and newly built luxury condominiums. The neighborhood is served by the New York Police Department's 77th Precinct.[6]

Geography[edit]

Along the southern boundary, Eastern Parkway, from Grand Army Plaza to Washington Avenue is reminiscent of Manhattan's Fifth Avenue "Museum Mile". Immense, opulent buildings line the north side of the parkway, and the south side features the Brooklyn Public Library, Mount Prospect Park (not to be confused with Prospect Park), the Brooklyn Botanic Garden and the recently renovated Brooklyn Museum. To its north lies Fort Greene, to the south, Prospect Park, to its west, Park Slope and to its east, Crown Heights.

The interior portion of the neighborhood consists mostly of brownstone-style residential rowhouse buildings, some built as early as 1890, although some blocks, such as Lincoln and St. Johns Place between Underhill and Washington Avenues, include larger multi-unit apartment buildings. A number of new condominium complexes are under construction in many parts of the neighborhood.

Defunct bakeries and factory spaces line Pacific Street from Vanderbilt Avenue to Carlton Avenue, and some have recently been renovated and converted into lofts; still others have recently been purchased by developer Bruce Ratner in anticipation of his Atlantic Yards Project. Recently, a number of these have begun to be demolished.

Ratner's company Forest City Ratner has planned a controversial development on top of the neighborhood, the plans for which would include a basketball arena and luxury housing. An upscale, glass high-rise residential building designed by the architect Richard Meier and located off of Grand Army Plaza was completed in 2008.

As demand for housing within Prospect Heights increased, some residents of Crown Heights came to consider Franklin Avenue the western border with Prospect Heights rather than Washington Avenue.[7] However, most residents continue to consider Washington Avenue the border,[8] and Washington Avenue remains the eastern border of Prospect Heights as recognized by major New York City media such as The New York Times,[2][9] The New York Post,[3] and The Wall Street Journal.[10]

The name "Prospect Heights" can be traced as far back as 1889 to a letter to the editor published in the Brooklyn Eagle, although at that time it was one of several potential names for the neighborhood that has since come to be known as Park Slope. The letter began by noting that it was "amusing to see the attempts made to fix upon a name for the rapidly growing part of Brooklyn near Prospect Park, bounded by Flatbush, Fifth and Ninth avenues, Some call it Park Slope, some Park Hill Side, some Prospect Heights and others Prospect Hill..."[11] Additionally, Prospect Heights once shared the name "Gowanus Heights" with Prospect Park, Greenwood and Bay Ridge.[12]

Along Park Place in Prospect Heights.

Culture and architecture[edit]

A diverse ethnic neighborhood in the 1910s through the 1950s, combining Italian, Irish, Jewish, German, Greek and Yankee residents, Prospect Heights is currently well known for its mixed black and white culture. Every year the West Indian Day Parade, the largest annual parade in New York City, follows Eastern Parkway, beginning in Crown Heights and ending at Grand Army Plaza in Prospect Heights. During the last thirty years, the neighborhood has seen an influx of new residents, increasingly young and white,[13] perhaps due to real estate prices slightly lower than neighboring Park Slope. A thriving commercial zone has emerged along Vanderbilt Avenue and Washington Avenue, which since 2000 has seen a surge in new bars, restaurants, and specialty shops, including New York's first steampunk bar, boutique wine shops, a restaurant opened by Michelin-starred chef Saul Bolton, and stores emphasizing gourmet/artisanal mayonnaise and ice cream.

Because of the area's density of Italianate and Neo-Grec rowhouses, much of the neighborhood has been designated a New York City historic district[citation needed]. The Prospect Heights Historic District covers an area roughly bounded by Flatbush Avenue, Sterling Place, Washington Avenue, and St. Marks Avenue, though a section of the historic district extends as far north as Pacific Street.[14] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.[15] The district was designated by the city Landmarks Preservation Commission on June 23, 2009, and approved by the New York City Council on September 17, 2009. It is the fifth largest historic district in New York City.

The Co-cathedral of St. Joseph of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn, built in 1912 in Spanish Colonial style, is located at 856 Pacific Street between Vanderbilt and Underhill Avenues in Prospect Heights.

Controversy over development[edit]

In the late 2000s and early 2010s, the neighborhood experienced controversy over a development project by developer Bruce Ratner and initially designed by the architect Frank Gehry for the portion of the neighborhood known as Atlantic Yards. This comprised the construction of the Barclays Center, an arena to serve as a new home for the Brooklyn Nets basketball team, as well as housing and commercial space in a cluster of high-rise buildings much taller than the borough's existing low-rise architecture. A number of community groups opposed the project, claiming abuse of the principles of eminent domain, among other concerns.[citation needed] Supporters of the project believed in its potential for reinvigorating an unattractive space.[citation needed]

Notable residents[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

In the movie Frances Ha the title character lives in Prospect Heights, sharing an apartment at an address given as "682 Vanderbilt Avenue, Brooklyn, NY." The address is fictitious (slightly higher than the highest Vanderbilt Avenue address), but were it to exist it would be within Prospect Heights' boundaries. (Vanderbilt Avenue ends at Grand Army Plaza.)

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Berck, Judith, "Prospect Heights" in Jackson, Kenneth T. (ed.), The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd edition). New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2, p.1042. The Encyclopedia names Washington Ave. the Eastern border.
  2. ^ a b Plambeck, Joseph (2011-04-14). "Tucked Between Past and Future in Brooklyn". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  3. ^ a b Dykstra, Katherine (2009-10-15). "In the Heights; Prospect Heights could be the next Cobble Hill". The New York Post. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  4. ^ Mooney, Jake (2010-06-16). "Living In-Crown Heights, Brooklyn". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-06-21. 
  5. ^ De Avila, Joseph (2010-12-11). "Prospect Heights: Slope Appeal With Edge". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  6. ^ "77th Precinct, NYPD". Nyc.gov. 2011-02-16. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  7. ^ Siwilop, Sana (2004-09-19). "LIVING IN/Crown Heights; Casting an Eye Toward Brooklyn's 'Hidden Jewel'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  8. ^ "Crown Heights Borders and Boundaries – The Results" on nostrandpark.com
  9. ^ Mooney, Jake (2010-06-16). "Living In-Crown Heights, Brooklyn". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-06-21. 
  10. ^ De Avila, Joseph (2010-12-11). "Prospect Heights: Slope Appeal With Edge". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  11. ^ "Slope, Heights or Hill". Brooklyn Eagle. March 17, 1889. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  12. ^ Higgins, Charles Michael (1916). Brooklyn and Gowanus in History: The Battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776. Brooklyn Eagle Press. p. 6. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  13. ^ . nyt.com http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/12/travel/12surfacing.html. Retrieved 2013-06-09.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ phndc.org. "Prospect Heights Historic District". phndc.org. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  15. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  16. ^ Stenn, David (1988). Clara Bow:Runnin' Wild. Doubleday. p. 322. ISBN 0-385-24125-9. 

External links[edit]