||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria Goretti|
Cardinal Grech in 2014
|See||Santa Maria Goretti|
|Appointed||18 February 2012|
|Installed||21 April 2012|
|Ordination||25 March 1950|
|Consecration||8 February 2012
by Paul Cremona
|Created Cardinal||18 February 2012|
|Birth name||Stanley Grech|
24 December 1925 |
Vittoriosa (Birgu), Malta
|Previous post||Titular Archbishop of San Leone (2012)|
|Motto||in te Domine speravi|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Prospero Grech (born 24 December 1925) is an Augustinian friar, who co-founded the Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum in Rome and was created a cardinal on 18 February 2012. He was appointed the Church of St. Maria Goretti.
Formation and studies
Joining the Augustinian Order in 1943, he was ordained to the priesthood at the Basilica of Saint John Lateran in Rome in 1950. Prior to being ordained to the priesthood in 1950, while Malta was under siege during the Second World War, Grech served as a gunner in the Royal Malta Artillery. Grech studied philosophy at St. Mark's Priory, Rabat, Malta, and theology in St. Monica's College, Rome. He graduated Doctor of Theology from the Gregorian University, Rome (1953), obtained a Licentiate in Sacred Scripture from the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome (1954), and a Diploma in Educational Psychology from Fribourg, Switzerland (1951). Fr. Grech conducted research in Semitic languages at the universities of Oxford (1957–58) and Cambridge (1958–59).
In 1959, Father Grech was appointed lecturer at the Augustinian Theological College, Rabat. He also served as secretary at the Vatican Vicariate and professor at the Augustine Institute, Rome. During his time in Rome one of his duties included dressing Pope John XXIII and Paul VI for liturgical functions. In addition, during the 1963 Papal conclave, he was personally asked to hear Giovanni Battista Montini's confession a couple of hours prior to his election as Pope Paul VI. In 1970, together with Fr. Agostino Trapè, Grech founded the Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum attached to the Lateran University in Rome and served as its president between 1971 and 1979. He is a member of the Societas Studiorum Novi Testamenti (SNTS), and member of the Pontifical Biblical Commission.
Grech lectured for over thirty years at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome on hermeneutics. He was professor of Biblical Theology at the Lateran University in Rome, Counsellor to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and Secretary of the Maltese Augustinian province. He was also appointed Apostolic Visitor for seminaries in India.
Grech has authored various articles and publications and has presented lectures on the Bible, hermeneutics and patristics. He organised or took part in various meetings both locally and internationally on the same subjects.
He has lectured at the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome and at the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche and collaborated with the Enciclopedia Italiana Treccani. On 13 December 2011, he was appointed a Companion of the National Order of Merit of the Republic of Malta.
Pope Benedict XVI announced on 6 January 2012, that he would create Father Grech a cardinal, together with 21 others, on 18 February 2012. As canon law requires for cardinals designate (unless permission is received to decline to be consecrated a bishop), Grech received episopal consecration on 8 February 2012 from Archbishop Paul Cremona, OP, Archbishop of Malta, and was assisted by Archbishop Giuseppe Versaldi, President of the Prefecture of the Economic Affairs of the Holy See (another cardinal designate), and Mario Grech, Bishop of Gozo. Present at the ceremony were President George Abela of Malta; the prime minister, Lawrence Gonzi; the leader of the opposition, Joseph Muscat; and a large congregation which included Augustinian priests led by their Superior General Father Robert F. Prevost, O.S.A.
The episcopal motto of Archbishop (and Cardinal-designate) Grech is In te Domine speravi. On 9 February, he led the mass of the eve of the Feast of the Shipwreck of St. Paul, in the Church of St. Paul, Valletta. On 10 February he returned to Rome, where he was created cardinal in the consistory of 18 February 2012 and was created Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria Goretti.
He delivered the opening meditation at the 2013 conclave, but was never an elector because he became cardinal after reaching age 80.
- "Pope to appoint Maltese Cardinal". Times of Malta. 6 January 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- Scarisbrick, Veronica (16 February 2012). "Cardinal Prosper Grech:'in te Domini speravi'". radiovaticana.org. Vatican Radio. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- Vella, Matthew (6 January 2012). "Maltese theologian to be appointed Cardinal –". Malta Today. Retrieved 12 April 2012.