Prospero Gallinari

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Prospero Gallinari
Born (1951-01-01)1 January 1951
Reggio Emilia
Died 14 January 2013(2013-01-14) (aged 62)
Reggio Emilia
Criminal penalty
Life-long prison
Criminal status Semi-liberty regime

Prospero Gallinari (1 January 1951 – 14 January 2013), also known as "Gallo" (i.e. "rooster"), was an Italian terrorist, a member of the Red Brigades in the 1970s and 1980s.[1]

Biography[edit]

Gallinari was born in Reggio Emilia into a farming family of Communist tradition in 1951.[2] At a very young age, he entered the Federazione Giovanile Comunista Italiana, in which he remained until the late 1960s. He emigrated to Milan, leaving his hometown.[3]

Militant activities[edit]

In 1969, together with Alberto Franceschini and other former Communists militants, Gallinari decided to pursue armed terrorism.[4] After a short period as a member of the Superclan (a mostly unknown organization formed by Corrado Simioni, who was later accused to be the political mastermind of the Red Brigades, or BR, during Mario Moretti's leadership), he became a member of the Red Brigades, initially as an external collaborator, then as a full clandestine member (1973-1974).

In 1974 he took part in the kidnapping of judge Mario Sossi and was later arrested in Turin, together with Alfred Bonavita. In 1976 he escaped from the prison of Treviso. He then belonged to the Roman "column" of the BR, and had a relevant role in the kidnapping of Aldo Moro, a Christian Democratic former prime minister of Italy (March 1978).[4] Gallinari was one of the killers who ambushed the politician's car in Via Fani in Rome, assassinating three of the policemen who were part of Moro's armed escort. After Moro's kidnapping, Gallinari became a member of the executive committee of the BR.[1] Moro was subsequently killed in obscure circumstances in the following May.

Arrest[edit]

Gallinari was arrested on 24 September 1979 while changing number plates on cars which would be used in a Red Brigade action. He was shot twice by the Italian police before he was arrested and underwent a five-hour emergency operation.[5] Initially, he was convicted of killing Moro. However, later it was learned that not Gallinari but Maccari had killed Moro.[6] According to the official trial reconstructions, Gallinari was present in the BR hideout in Rome where Moro was detained for 55 days, along with Moretti, Anna Laura Braghetti and Germano Maccari.[7] During his detainment, Gallinari was one of the few BR terrorists who did not collaborate with the Italian justice. Instead, he continued to have contacts with the organization's free members and indirectly participated to their political debates.

Semi-liberty regime[edit]

In October 1988, after most of the organization's members had been arrested, he co-signed a document with several other arrested Red Brigades terrorists confirming their belief in their creed.[8] Due to health concerns (connected to the wounds he received during his arrest in 1979), Gallinari was allowed to spend certain periods of time outside the prison walls.[9] In March 2006, he published an autobiographical book (entitled Un contadino nella Metropoli, "A countryman in the Metropolis"), providing his own version of the Red Brigades' deeds.

Death[edit]

On the morning of 14 January 2013, Gallinari was found in the garage of his home in Reggio Emilia and was brought to a hospital, where he was pronounced dead.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sue Ellen Moran, Rand Corporation (1 November 1987). Inside a Terrorist Group: The Red Brigades of Italy. DIANE Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-941375-08-5. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Militant who kidnapped Italy’s former PM dies". The Gulf Today. 15 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Luciano Cheles; Lucio Sponza (2001). The Art of Persuasion: Political Communication in Italy from 1945 to 1990s. Manchester University Press. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-7190-4170-9. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Sabrin Turco, Review of Un contadino nella metropoli at Rai News 24 website (Italian)
  5. ^ "Brigades "father" shot". Ottawa Citizen (Rome). UPI. 25 September 1979. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Pierpaolo Antonello; Alan O'Leary (30 September 2009). Imagining Terrorism: The Rhetoric and Representation of Political Violence in Italy 1969-2009. MHRA. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-906540-48-7. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  7. ^ Gallinari was accused of having been Moro's jailer by the BR pentito Antonio Savasta
  8. ^ Interview with Prospero Gallinari, 2007
  9. ^ Short biography at Avvenimenti Italiani page (Italian)
  10. ^ "Morto l'ex brigatista Prospero Gallinari". UPI. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Gallinari, Prospero (2006). Un contadino nella metropoli. Milan: Bompiani.