Prostitution in Peru

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Prostitution in Peru is legal and regulated.

Legal situation[edit]

Prostitution is legal for women over 18 years of age if they register with municipal authorities and carry a health certificate. [1] Brothels must be licensed.

Child prostitution is illegal. Penalties for pimps and clients of underage prostitutes range from four to eight years in prison. [2]

Prostitution in practice in Peru[edit]

The vast majority of prostitutes work in the informal sector, where they lack health protection.[3] Individual police officers tolerate the operation of unlicensed brothels. [4]

Child prostitution[edit]

Child prostitution is common in the country, and especially in Peru’s isolated Amazonian mining communities. In the Amazonian department of Madre de Dios the illegal exploitation of gold has dramatically increased the recruitment and coercion of adolescents into prostitution through false employment offers. [5]

While poverty and inequality are important causes of child prostitution, part of the problem is also a social attitude that views sex--including paid sex--between adult men and adolescent girls as normal. Luis Gonzalez-Polar Zuzunada, president of La Restinga (an Iquitos-based nonprofit organization that works with at-risk children) said about teenage prostitution:"It's not seen as a crime. People think that's the way it is. Here, anyone is a potential client."[6]

The Peruvian government recognizes child sex tourism to be a problem, particularly in Iquitos, Madre de Dios, and Cuzco. [7]

Human trafficking[edit]

Peru is a source, transit point, and destination for trafficked persons. The majority of human trafficking occurs within the country.

Many trafficking victims are women and girls from impoverished rural regions of the Amazon, recruited and coerced into prostitution in urban nightclubs, bars, and brothels, often through false employment offers or promises of education. [8]

Domestic trafficking occurres particularly in districts located in the Andes or the Amazon jungle, to bring underage girls into cities or mining areas to work as prostitutes. Victims are recruited by friends or acquaintances and through newspaper and Internet advertisements or street posters offering employment; some victims are recruited by local employment agencies that offer poor young women from rural areas relatively well-paid "restaurant work" in Lima, Cusco, major coastal cities, and abroad. [9]

The principal victims and groups at high risk for trafficking are children and young women from rural or poor urban areas, persons living in poverty, persons with disabilities, victims of domestic abuse, illiterate persons, and persons lacking birth certificates or other identification documents.

Peru also is a destination country for some Ecuadorian and Bolivian women trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. [10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2008 Human Rights Report: Peru". US Department of State. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  2. ^ "2008 Human Rights Report: Peru". US Department of State. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  3. ^ "2008 Human Rights Report: Peru". US Department of State. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  4. ^ "Trafficking in Persons Report 2008 - Peru". The UN Refugee Agency. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  5. ^ "La Republica: Exposé on child prostitution in Peruvian Amazon mining towns". Peruvian Times. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  6. ^ "In Peruvian jungle city, church works to help child prostitutes". Catholic News Service. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  7. ^ "Human Trafficking". US Department of State. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  8. ^ "2008 Human Rights Report: Peru". US Department of State. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  9. ^ "2008 Human Rights Report: Peru". US Department of State. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  10. ^ "Human Trafficking". US Department of State. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 

External links[edit]