List of protected areas of China

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This article lists the nationally protected areas of China. There are many forms of protected areas in China. Based on their relative importance, each type of protected area can be further graded into two to three levels (national, provincial and prefectural/county level). Nevertheless, the highest rank for "pocket nature reserve" (social and mass-based), "no-hunting area", "no-fishing area", "no-logging area", "wild medicinal material resources conservation area", "crop germplasm resources conservation area", "forest tree germplasm resources conservation area" or "source water protection area" is practically restricted to provincial level. The local government at county level is also responsible for the delimitation and declaration of "basic farmland protection area" and "basic grassland". Qinling National Botanical Garden, said to be the world's largest (458 km2), is still under construction.

Take note that many protected areas in China have multiple official designations, and the statutory boundaries of these multi-designated PAs may be identical or varied.

For instance, the boundaries of Huangshan NP are coincided with those of the Huangshan NGP, whereas the Wuyi Mountains' NNR, NP and NFP in Fujian are adjacent to each other, and 27,642.14 hectares out of 115,340.27 hectares of Heilongjiang's Huzhong NFP are intersected with the experiment zone of Huzhong NNR.

National Nature Reserves of China[edit]

  • Ratified by: State Council
  • Number of NNRs (unit): 407 (as at December 25, 2013)
  • Area of NNRs (10,000 ha): 9,415 (as of 2012)
  • Total Number of NRs (unit): 2,669 (as of 2012)
  • Area of NRs (10,000 ha): 14,979 (as of 2012)
  • Percentage of Terrestrial NR in the Land Area (%): 14.94 (as of 2012)

National Parks of China[edit]

  • Ratified by: State Council
  • Number of NPs (unit): 225 (as at October 31, 2012)
  • Area of NPs (10,000 km²): 10.36 (as of 2012)
  • Total Number of Parks (national + provincial) (unit): 962 (as of 2012)
  • Area of Parks (national + provincial) (10,000 km²): 19.37 (as of 2012)
  • Percentage of Parks (national + provincial) in the Land Area (%): 2.02 (as of 2012)


"National Park" (ministry level)[edit]

National Typical Earthquake Sites of China[edit]

  • Yunnan
    • Site of Large Earthquake-formed “Heavenly Pit” at Hongshi Cliff, Yongsheng ("Heavenly Pit": a massive sinkhole. Designated name: “Yongsheng Hongshiya National Earthquake Site”.)

†: The official name is yet to be verified.

National Geoparks of China[edit]

  • Ratified by: Ministry of Land and Resources
  • Number of NGPs (unit): 241 (incl. 184 approved sites & 57 pre-approved sites, as at January 9, 2014) †
  • Total Number of GPs (unit): 342 (incl. 159 PGPs ; excl. GGPs, as of 2009)

†: From May 23, 2009 onwards, the approval process for awarding the NGP qualifications and naming the NGPs are treated separately by the Ministry. Each NGP-prequalified unit is required to complete a site construction within the three-year time limit before gaining formal status as a NGP.

National Mining Parks of China[edit]

National Forest Parks of China[edit]

  • Ratified by: State Forestry Administration
  • Number of NFPs (unit): 778 (as at October 15, 2013), plus one national forest tourist area (as at July 6, 1994)
  • Area of NFPs + NFTA (10,000 ha): 1205.11 (as of 2012)
  • Total Number of FPs & NFTA (unit): 2,855 (as of 2012)
  • Area of FPs + NFTA (10,000 ha): 1738.21 (as of 2012)

National Thematic Gardens of China[edit]

State Key Parks of China[edit]

National Urban Wetland Parks of China[edit]

National Wetland Parks of China[edit]

  • Ratified by: State Forestry Administration
  • Number of NWPs (unit): 298 (incl. 32 formally designated sites, as at October 8, 2013 [*]; 397 pilot sites, as at December 31, 2013)
  • Area of NWPs (10,000 ha): 36.0 (as of 2008)
  • Total Number of WPs (unit): TBV

National Water Parks of China[edit]

National Desert Parks of China[edit]

National Special Marine Protected Areas (National Marine Parks) of China[edit]

  • Ratified by: State Oceanic Administration
  • Number of NSMPAs/NMPs (unit): 23/18 (as at December 21, 2012, statistical figures provided by the SOA)
  • Area of NSMPAs (incl. NMPs) (10,000 km²): 0.4349 (as of 2012)
  • Total Number of SMPAs (unit): 37 (as of 2008)

†: According to the data provided by the SOA, “Yushan Liedao National Special Marine Eco-Protected Area” and “Yushan Liedao National Marine Park” are “one identical institution under two different names”.

††: According to the data provided by the SOA, “Liugongdao Ocean Ecosystem National Special Marine Protected Area” and “Liugongdao National Marine Park” of Weihai are listed separately.

National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Areas of China[edit]

  • Ratified by: Ministry of Agriculture
  • Number of NAGRCAs (unit): 428 (as at November 11, 2013)
  • Total Number of AGRCAs (unit): TBV
  • Hainan
    • Xisha Dongdao Waters National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Wanquanhe National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
  • Tibet
    • Pagsumco Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Nyang He Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Xizang Yadong River Trout National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area [Salmo trutta fario]
  • Shaanxi
    • Heihe Onychostoma macrolepis National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Northern Snakehead National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area at Qiachuan Section of Yellow River
    • Jialingjiangyuan Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Wangchuanhe Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Kuyuhe Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Hanjiang Xixiang Section National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Weihe National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Huanghetan Chinese Soft-shelled Turtle National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Baohe Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area at Yumenkou to Sanmenxia Section of Middle Yellow River (trans-provincial NAGRCA, shared with Shanxi and Henan)
    • Juhe Shangyou National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Danjiangyuan National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Qianhe National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Xushuihe National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Ganyuhe Qinling Lenok National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area [Brachymystax lenok tsinlingensis]
    • Renhe Onychostoma macrolepis National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Baoji Tongguanhe Qinling Lenok National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Weihe Meixian Section National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
  • Qinghai
    • Przewalski's Naked Carp National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area, Qinghai Lake [Gymnocypris przewalskii]
    • Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area at Upper Yellow River (trans-provincial NAGRCA, shared with Sichuan and Gansu)
    • Gyaring Hu Ngoring Hu Gymnocypris eckloni et Platypharodon extremus National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area (Platypharodon extremus: wide-tooth schizothoracin)
    • Markog He Schizothorax waltoni National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area at Jainca Section of Yellow River
    • Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area at Guide Section of Yellow River
    • Gêqu He Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Togtun He Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Datonghe Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Heihe Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Qumar He Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Golmud He National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Sunmco National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
  • Xinjiang
    • Kanas Hu Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Yarkant He Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Ebi Hu Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Ulungur Hu Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Küirtix He Arctic Grayling National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area [Thymallus arcticus]
    • Bosten Hu National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Kaiduhe Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Kaba He National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area
    • Endemic Fishes National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Area at Koksu Section of Ertix River

Note: The above-mentioned "crucian carp" generally refers to Carassius auratus, unless otherwise noted.

National Domestic Animal Genetic Resources Conservation Areas of China[edit]

  • Ratified by: Ministry of Agriculture
  • Number of NDAGRCAs (unit): 22 (as at May 30, 2011)
  • Total Number of DAGRCAs (unit): TBV
  • Jiangsu
    • National Hu Sheep Genetic Resources Conservation Area (Wuzhong District, Suzhou City)
    • National Taihu Pig (Erhualian) Genetic Resources Conservation Area (Wujin District, Changzhou City)
  • Zhejiang
    • National Hu Sheep Genetic Resources Conservation Area (Wuxing District, Huzhou City)
  • Yunnan
    • National Tibetan Pig Genetic Resources Conservation Area (Xamgyi'nyilha County)
  • Tibet
    • National Tibetan Pig Genetic Resources Conservation Area (Gongbo'gyamda County)
  • Xinjiang
    • National Hotan Sheep Genetic Resources Conservation Area (Qira County/Yutian County/Lop County)
    • National Xinjiang Donkey Genetic Resources Conservation Area (Qira County)

See also[edit]