Protected areas of Croatia

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The main protected areas of Croatia are national parks, nature parks and strict reserves. There are 444 protected areas of Croatia, encompassing 9% of the country. Those include 8 national parks in Croatia, 2 strict reserves and 10 nature parks. The most famous protected area and the oldest national park in Croatia is the Plitvice Lakes National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Velebit Nature Park is a part of the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme. The strict and special reserves, as well as the national and nature parks, are managed and protected by the central government, while other protected areas are managed by counties. In 2005, the National Ecological Network was set up, as the first step in preparation of the EU accession and joining of the Natura 2000 network.[1]

The total area of all national parks in the country is 994 km2 (384 sq mi), of which 235 km2 (91 sq mi) is sea surface.

Each of the national parks is maintained by a separate institution, overseen and funded by the government ministry of nature conservation and spatial development. The State Institute for Nature Protection provides centralized oversight and expertise.

National parks[edit]

All eight national parks are located in karst area.

 #  Name Image Area Website Established in
 1  Plitvice Lakes Plitvice-2003.JPG 296.9 km2 (114.6 sq mi)[2] http://www.np-plitvicka-jezera.hr 1949
 2  Paklenica Paklenica Buljma.jpg 95.0 km2 (36.7 sq mi)[3] http://www.paklenica.hr 1949
 3  Risnjak Nacionalni park Risnjak (Berghutte unterhalb des Gipfels des Risnak).jpg 63.5 km2 (24.5 sq mi)[4] http://risnjak.hr 1953
 4  Mljet Great Lake, Island of Mljet, Croatia.JPG 5.4 km2 (2.1 sq mi)[5] http://www.np-mljet.hr 1960
 5  Kornati Kornati.jpg 49.7 km2 (19.2 sq mi)[6] http://www.kornati.hr/ 1964
 6  Brijuni Briuni Venustempel.jpg 33.9 km2 (13.1 sq mi)[7] http://www.brijuni.hr 1983
 7  Krka Krk waterfalls.jpg 109 km2 (42 sq mi)[8] http://www.npkrka.hr 1985
 8  Sjeverni Velebit Karstformationen Nationalpark-Nord-Velebit.JPG 109.0 km2 (42.1 sq mi)[9] http://www.np-sjeverni-velebit.hr 1999

Nature parks[edit]

 #  Name Image Established in Website
1. Kopački rit Kopacki rit2.JPG 1967 http://www.kopacki-rit.com/
2. Papuk Papuk mt.jpg 1999 http://www.pp-papuk.hr
3. Lonjsko polje Konji (Lonjsko Polje2).jpg 1990 http://www.pp-lonjsko-polje.hr/
4. Medvednica Medvednica2.jpg 1981 http://www.pp-medvednica.hr
5. Žumberak-Samoborsko gorje Gorjanci kosenica 1.jpg 1999 http://www.park-zumberak.hr/
6. Učka Ucka-Kvarner1.jpg 1999 http://www.pp-ucka.hr/
7. Velebit Svetirok.tunnel.JPG 1981 http://www.pp-velebit.hr/
8. Vrana lake Lake Vrana Croatia.jpg 1999 http://vransko-jezero.hr/cms/
9. Telašćica Isola Lunga.JPG 1988 http://www.telascica.hr/
10. Biokovo Biokovo from Tucepi.jpg 1981 http://www.biokovo.com/
11. Lastovsko otočje Lake in Skrivena Luka.jpg 2006 http://pp-lastovo.hr/

Strict reserves[edit]

Special reserves[edit]

There are 80 special reserves in Croatia:[10]

  • 37 forest vegetation reserves
  • 22 ornithological reserves
  • 9 botanical reserves
  • 2 ichthyological reserves
  • 2 ichthyological and ornithological reserves
  • 2 zoological reserves
  • 2 sea reserves
  • 1 geological and paleontological reserve
  • 1 paleontological reserve
  • 1 geographical and botanical reserve
  • 1 botanical and zoological reserve

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jasminka Radović; Kristijan Čivić; Ramona Topić, eds. (2006). Biodiversity of Croatia (PDF). State Institute for Nature Protection, Ministry of Culture (Croatia). ISBN 953-7169-20-0. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Osnovni podaci". NP Plitvice Lakes (in Croatian). Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  3. ^ "About the Park". NP Paklenica. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  4. ^ "General info". risnjak.hr. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  5. ^ "About national park". NP Mljet. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  6. ^ "List of Islands". NP Kornati. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  7. ^ "Geographic position". NP Brijuni. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  8. ^ "National Park Krka". npkrka.hr. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  9. ^ "About the park". NP Sjeverni Velebit. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  10. ^ "Other protected areas". Nature protection web portal. Ministry of Environment and Nature Protection (Croatia). Retrieved 2012-05-15. 

External links[edit]