Protected areas of South Africa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The protected areas of South Africa include national parks and marine protected areas managed by the national government, public nature reserves managed by provincial and local governments, and private nature reserves managed by private landowners. Most protected areas are intended for the conservation of flora and fauna. National parks are maintained by South African National Parks (SANParks).[1] A number of national parks have been incorporated in transfrontier conservation areas.

Areas may also be protected for their value and importance as historical, cultural heritage or scientific sites. More information on these can be found in the list of heritage sites in South Africa.

Special Nature Reserves[edit]

Special nature reserves are highly protected areas from which all people and human activities are excluded, except for conservation and scientific research. The Prince Edward Islands, which are South African territories in the Southern Ocean, have been declared as a special nature reserve.[2][3]

National Parks[edit]

The following are the national parks of South Africa:[4]

Transfrontier conservation areas[edit]

South Africa is involved in the following transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs), also known as "peace parks".

The Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area, involving South Africa, Mozambique and Swaziland, is planned to be formed from the iSimangaliso Wetland Park and the Nsubane Pongola, Songimvelo-Malolotja and Usuthu-Tembe-Futi TFCAs.

Marine Protected Areas[edit]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

World heritage site in South Africa are protected by the World Heritage Convention Act (Act 49 of 1999). These include:

Botanical Gardens[edit]

Eastern Cape[edit]

Main article: Eastern Cape Parks

National Parks situated in the Eastern Cape[edit]

Mega Parks in the making, predominantly in the Eastern Cape[edit]

Parks Managed by Eastern Cape Parks[edit]

Natural Heritage Sites[edit]

Private and Other Parks[edit]

Forest Reserves[edit]

Free State[edit]

Main article: Free State Parks

National Parks[edit]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

Private and Other Parks[edit]

Gauteng[edit]

GDACE Parks[edit]

Protected Areas[edit]

Other parks and private reserves[edit]

KwaZulu-Natal[edit]

Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife[edit]

Main article: Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife

New name of the Peace Park is: iSimangaliso Wetland Park

Private and Other Parks[edit]

Natural Heritage Sites[edit]

Limpopo[edit]

National Parks[edit]

Provincial Parks[edit]

Private and Other Parks[edit]

Mpumalanga[edit]

National Parks[edit]

Provincial Parks[edit]

Private and Other Parks[edit]

Northern Cape[edit]

National Parks[edit]

Private and Other Parks[edit]

North West[edit]

National Parks[edit]

Provincial Parks[edit]

Protected Areas[edit]

[6]

Private and Other Parks[edit]

Western Cape[edit]

National Parks[edit]

Provincial Parks[edit]

Main article: CapeNature

West Coast[edit]

Winelands[edit]

Overberg[edit]

Cape Karoo[edit]

Garden Route and Little Karoo[edit]

Private and other Reserves[edit]

Forests[edit]

Natural Heritage Sites[edit]

Mountain Catchment Areas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biodiversity & ecosystems". Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (South Africa). Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  2. ^ Cooper, John (June 2006). "ANTARCTICA AND ISLANDS – Background Research Paper produced for the South Africa Environment Outlook report on behalf of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism". p. 6. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  3. ^ 1993 United Nations list of national parks and protected areas. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Commission on Natural Parks and Protected Areas, United Nations Environment Programme. 1993. p. 173. ISBN 2-8317-0190-2. 
  4. ^ "SANParks – South African National Parks (A-Z)". South African National Parks. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  5. ^ http://www.pumbagamereserve.co.za/
  6. ^ NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: PROTECTED AREAS ACT, 2003 Section 12

External links[edit]