Protected areas of Victoria

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Victoria is the smallest mainland state in Australia. As of 2008 it contained 2,850 separate protected areas with a total land area of 39,273 square kilometres (15,163 sq mi) (17.26% of the state’s area). Of these, 45 were national parks, totalling 28,023 square kilometres (10,820 sq mi) (11.32% of the state’s area).[1]

The parks are managed by Parks Victoria, a state government agency. There are also many smaller state areas which are subject to commercial activity such as logging.

Coastal and marine parks[edit]

The state of Victoria has protected approximately 5.3% of coastal waters. In June 2002, legislation was passed to establish 13 marine national parks and 11 marine sanctuaries. Victoria is the first jurisdiction in the world to create an entire system of highly protected marine national parks at the same time.[2]

Historic and heritage areas and parks[edit]

Indigenous protected areas[edit]

National parks[edit]

As of 2011 there are 45 national parks in Victoria.[3]

National parks of Victoria, Australia
National parks of Victoria
Order National park name Area Declared
as a national park
Source(s) Notes
ha acre
1 Alfred 3,050 7,500 1925 [4]
2 Alpine 646,000 1,600,000 1989 [5]
3 Barmah 28,521 70,480 2010 [6]
4 Baw Baw 13,300 33,000 April 1979 (1979-04) [5]
5 Brisbane Ranges 7,718 19,070 15 August 1973 (1973-08-15) [7]
6 Burrowa-Pine Mountain 18,400 45,000 16 May 1978 (1978-05-16) [8]
7 Chiltern-Mount Pilot 21,600 53,000 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30) [9]
8 Churchill 271 670 12 February 1941 (1941-02-12) [10]
9 Cobboboonee 18,510 45,700 November 2008 (2008-11) [11]
10 Coopracambra 38,800 96,000 1988 [12]
11 Croajingolong 87,500 216,000 26 April 1979 (1979-04-26) [13]
12 Dandenong Ranges 3,215 7,940 13 December 1987 (1987-12-13) [14] Includes the former Ferntree Gully NP
13 Errinundra 26,875 66,410 15 July 1988 (1988-07-15) [15]
14 French Island 11,100 27,000 28 June 1998 (1998-06-28) [16]
15 Grampians 168,000 420,000 1 July 1984 (1984-07-01) [17]
16 Great Otway 103,000 250,000 11 December 2005 (2005-12-11) [18]
17 Greater Bendigo 17,007 42,030 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30) [19]
18 Gunbower 9,330 23,100 June 2010 (2010-06) [20]
19 Hattah-Kulkyne 49,975 123,490 7 June 1960 (1960-06-07) [21]
20 Heathcote-Graytown 12,833 31,710 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30) [22]
21 Kara Kara 13,990 34,600 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30) [23]
22 Kinglake 22,360 55,300 7 March 1928 (1928-03-07) [24]
23 Lake Eildon 27,750 68,600 4 June 1997 (1997-06-04) [25]
24 Lind 1,370 3,400 1925 [26]
25 Little Desert 132,000 330,000 1968 [27]
26 Lower Glenelg 27,300 67,000 1969 [28]
27 Lower Goulburn 9,310 23,000 June 2010 (2010-06) [29]
28 Mitchell River 14,338 35,430 December 1962 (1962-12) [30][31] Includes former Glenaladale NP; expanded 1986, and 2003.
29 Mornington Peninsula 2,686 6,640 1 December 1975 (1975-12-01) [32] Proclaimed in 1975 (as Cape Schanck Coastal Park);
in 1988 (as Point Nepean NP); and in 1995 (as Mornington Peninsula NP).
30 Morwell 560 1,400 26 November 1966 (1966-11-26) [33]
31 Mount Buffalo 31,000 77,000 1898 [34]
32 Mount Eccles 6,120 15,100 7 June 1960 (1960-06-07) [35]
33 Mount Richmond 1,733 4,280 7 June 1960 (1960-06-07) [36]
34 Murray-Sunset 633,000 1,560,000 26 April 1979 (1979-04-26) [21]
35 Organ Pipes 152 380 12 March 1972 (1972-03-12) [37]
36 Point Nepean 470 1,200 2005
37 Port Campbell 1,750 4,300 5 May 1964 (1964-05-05) [38]
38 Snowy River 98,700 244,000 26 April 1979 (1979-04-26) [39]
39 Tarra-Bulga 2,015 4,980 17 June 1986 (1986-06-17) [40]
40 Terrick Terrick 5,882 14,530 June 1988 (1988-06) [41]
41 The Lakes 2,390 5,900 1956 [42]
42 Warby-Ovens 14,655 36,210 October 2010 (2010-10) [43]
43 Wilsons Promontory 50,500 125,000 July 1898 (1898-07) [44]
44 Wyperfeld 357,017 882,210 1921 [21]
45 Yarra Ranges 76,003 187,810 December 1995 (1995-12) [45] Attracted circa 800,000 visitors in 2002

State parks[edit]

Metropolitan parks[edit]

Reference areas inside other protected areas[edit]

Reference areas outside other protected areas[edit]

Wilderness parks[edit]

Wilderness zones inside other protected areas[edit]

Nature conservation reserves[edit]

There are 328 nature conservation reserves including:

Natural feature reserves[edit]

There are 1522 natural feature reserves

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Collaborative Australian Protected Area Database CAPAD08". Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Populations and Communities. Commonwealth of Australia. 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Victoria’s System of Marine National Parks and Marine Sanctuaries. Management Strategy 2003–2010". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. 2003. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Parks Victoria: About, retrieved 25 November 2012
  4. ^ "Alfred National Park". Parks Victoria. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves: Statement of significance". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment, Australian Government. 7 November 2008. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "Barmah National Park: Visitor Guide". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. June 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Brisbane Ranges National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). September 1997. p. 2. ISBN 0-7306-6702-2. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  8. ^ "Burrowa-Pine Mountain National Park management plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Victorian Government. June 1996. p. 2. ISBN 0-7306-6187-3. Retrieved 10 August 2014. 
  9. ^ "Chiltern-Mt Pilot National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Melbourne: Victorian Government. 2008. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "Churchill National Park and Lysterfield Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). August 1998 (updated May 2009). p. 12. ISBN 0-7306-6686-7. Retrieved 10 August 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ "Cobboboonee National Park: Visitor Guide". Parks Victoria (PDF). Victorian Government. June 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Coopracambra National Park: Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). August 1998. pp. 2, 9. ISBN 0-7306-6258-6. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  13. ^ "Croajingolong National Park Management Plan". Department of Natural Resources and Environment (PDF). Government of Victoria. June 1996. ISBN 0-7306-6137-7. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  14. ^ "Dandenong Ranges Gardens Strategic Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). 2014. p. 11. ISBN 97-807-311-8389-0. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "Errinundra National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). October 1996. p. 13. ISBN 0-7306-6204-7. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  16. ^ "French Island National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria. October 1998. p. 12. ISBN 0-7311-3130-4. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  17. ^ "Grampians National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). March 2003. p. 10. ISBN 0-7311-3131-2. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  18. ^ "Great Otway National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria. Government of Victoria. December 2009. p. 1. ISBN 9-7807-3118-384-5. Retrieved 16 August 2014. 
  19. ^ "Greater Bendigo National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. July 2007. p. 1. ISBN 9-7807-3118-362-3. Retrieved 16 August 2014. 
  20. ^ "Gunbower National Park". Parks Victoria. Retrieved 25 November 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c "Mallee Parks Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. September 1996. pp. 1–3. ISBN 0-7306-6174-1. Retrieved 16 August 2014. 
  22. ^ "Heathcote-Graytown National Park and Spring Creek Nature Conservation Reserve management plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. February 2008. p. 1. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  23. ^ Kara Kara National Park management plan. Parks Victoria (PDF) (Government of Victoria). October 2013. p. 1. ISBN 9780731183876. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  24. ^ "Kinglake National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. June 1996. p. 2. ISBN 0-7306-6186-5. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  25. ^ "Lake Eildon National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. July 1997. p. 3. ISBN 0-7306-6611-5. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  26. ^ "Lind and Alfred National Parks Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. August 1998. p. 2. ISBN 0-7306-6265-9. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  27. ^ "Little Desert National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. June 1996. p. 2. ISBN 0-7306-6173-3. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  28. ^ "Lower Glenelg National Park Management Plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. May 1991. p. 11. ISBN 0-7306-2068-9. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  29. ^ "Lower Goulburn National Park". Parks Victoria. Government of Victoria. 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  30. ^ "Mitchell River National Park". Parks Victoria. Government of Victoria. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  31. ^ "Mitchell River National Park (Addition)". Parks Victoria. Government of Victoria. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  32. ^ "Mornington Peninsula National Park and Arthurs Seat State Park management plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. May 1988, amended 2013. p. 5. ISBN 0-7306-6743-X. Retrieved 23 August 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  33. ^ "Morwell National Park". Parks Victoria. Government of Victoria. 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  34. ^ "Mount Buffalo National Park management plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. June 1996. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-7306-6138-5. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  35. ^ "Mount Eccles National Park and Mount Napier State Park management plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. June 1996. pp. 1–2, 19. ISBN 0-7306-4096-5. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  36. ^ "Mount Richmond National Park: Visitor Guide to Benwerrin". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. December 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  37. ^ Organ Pipes National Park Management Plan (PDF). Parks Victoria (Kew, Vic.: Government of Victoria). February 1998. ISBN 0-7306-6703-0. 
  38. ^ "Port Campbell National Park and Bay of Islands Coastal Park management plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. September 1998. pp. 3–5, 26. ISBN 0-7311-3133-9. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  39. ^ "Snowy River National Park management plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. May 1995. pp. 1–3. ISBN 0-7306-4099-X. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  40. ^ "Tarra-Bulga National Park management plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. June 1996. pp. 1–2, 14. ISBN 0-7306-6114-8. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  41. ^ "Terrick Terrick National Park: Visitor Guide". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. June 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2014. 
  42. ^ "The Lakes National Park: Park notes" (PDF). Parks Victoria. Government of Victoria. August 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  43. ^ "Warby-Ovens National Park: Visitor Guide". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. March 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2014. 
  44. ^ "Wilsons Promontory National Park: Visitor Guide". Parks Victoria (PDF). Retrieved 14 March 2010. 
  45. ^ "Yarra Ranges National Park management plan". Parks Victoria (PDF). Government of Victoria. June 2002. ISBN 0-7311-3134-7. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 

External links[edit]