Protector of Aborigines

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The office of the Protector of Aborigines was established pursuant to a recommendation contained in a report of the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Aborigines (British Settlements). On 31 January 1838, Lord Glenelg, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies sent Governor Gipps the report.

The report recommended that Protectors of Aborigines should be engaged. They would be required to learn the Aboriginal language and their duties would be to watch over the rights of Aborigines, guard against encroachment on their property and to protect them from acts of cruelty, oppression and injustice. The Port Phillip Protectorate was established with George Augustus Robinson as chief protector and four full-time protectors.[1]

While the role was nominally to protect Aborigines, particularly in remote areas, it has been suggested that the role included social control up to the point of controlling whom individuals were able to marry and where they lived and managing their financial affairs.[citation needed]

As well as Robinson, A. O. Neville and Edward John Eyre were notable Protectors of Aborigines.

Matthew Moorhouse was the first Protector of Aborigines in South Australia.

Aborigines Welfare Board in New South Wales was abolished in 1969. By then all states & territories had repealed the legislation allowing for the removal of Aboriginal children[citation needed] under the policy of 'protection'[citation needed]

Protectors of Aborigines[edit]

Protectors of Aborigines around Australia included:

See also[edit]

Compare:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aplin, Graeme, S.G. Foster and Michael McKernan (eds), ed. (1987). Australians:Events and Places. Fairfax, Syme and Weldon Associates. pp. 47–8. ISBN 0-949288-13-6. 
  2. ^ Reports on actions of Dr Cecil Cook.
  3. ^ Dr Cook was the Chief Protector of Aborigines during the trial and appeal of Dhakiyarr Wirrpanda. The first Aboriginal Australian whose case was heard in the High Court (at the National Archives of Australia)
  4. ^ Hossain, Samia. “Norman Haire and Cecil Cook on Procedures of Sterilisation in the Inter-War Period.” In Historicising Whiteness: Transnational Perspectives on the Construction of an Identity, edited by Leigh Boucher, Jane Carey, and Katherine Ellinghaus, 454-63. Melbourne: RMIT Publishing, 2007.
  5. ^ Tony Koch, (2 November 2010), Notorious bureaucrat who oppressed Aborigines dies unlamented, The Australian accessed 24 November 2013
  6. ^ "Golden Wedding.". Bunbury Herald (Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 9 March 1918. p. 6. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "News and notes". The West Australian (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 12 December 1907. p. 7. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "South and West Australia.". The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (New South Wales: National Library of Australia). 20 December 1907. p. 34. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Our Calendar". Western Mail (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 5 November 1915. p. 31. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Internal Troubles". Western Mail (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 23 February 1917. p. 29. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Former Public Servant dies at home". The West Australian (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 20 April 1954. p. 7. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Native Affairs.". Northern Times (Carnarvon, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 17 October 1940. p. 3. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Mr. F. I. BRAY Dead". The West Australian (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 7 October 1949. p. 2. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Native Affairs.". Kalgoorlie Miner (Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 28 July 1948. p. 3. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 

External links[edit]