Protectorate General to Pacify the West

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Protectorate General to Pacify the West
Traditional Chinese 安西都護府
Simplified Chinese 安西都护府
The grand anxi frontier command (Left side)

The Protectorate General to Pacify the West, Grand Protectorate General to Pacify the West, or Anxi Protectorate (640–790) was a Chinese outpost established by Tang Dynasty in 640 to control the regions of Tian Shan, the Pamir Mountains and the Tarim Basin.[1] The head office was first established at the Chinese prefecture Xizhou, but was later shifted to Kucha and situated there for most of the period.[2] The Four Garrisons of Anxi were later installed to consort the military government.

List of protector generals[edit]

List of Chinese grand and assistant protectors of Pacify the West:[3]

  • Yang Zhou (杨胄) 651–662
  • Su Haizheng (苏海政) 662
  • Gao Xian (高贤) 663
  • Pilou Shiche (匹娄式彻) 664
  • Pei Xingjian (裴行俭) 665
  • Tao Dayou (陶大有) 666–667
  • Dong Baoliang (董宝亮) 668–671
  • Yuan Gongyu (袁公瑜) 671–677
  • Du Huanbao (杜环宝) 677–678, 681–682
  • Wang Fangyi (王方翼) 679–681
  • Li Zulong (李祖隆) 683–686
  • Wang Shiguo (王世果) 686–687
  • Yan Wengu (阎温古) 687–689
  • Tang Xiujing (唐休璟) 689–690
  • Jiu Bin (咎斌) 690–693
  • Xu Qinming (许钦明) 694–695
  • Gongsun Yajing (公孙雅靖) 696–698
  • Tian Yangming (田扬名) 698–704
  • Guo Yuanzhen (郭元振) 705–708, 709–710
  • Zhou Yiti (周以悌) 708–709
  • Zhang Xuanbiao (张玄表) 710–711
  • Lu Xiujing (吕休璟) 712–716
  • Guo Qianguan (郭虔瓘) 715–717, 720–721
  • Li Cong (李琮) 716
  • Tang Jiahui (汤嘉惠) 717–719, 730
  • Zhang Xiaosong (张孝嵩) 721–724
  • Du Xian (杜暹) 724–726
  • Zhao Yizhen (赵颐贞) 726–728
  • Xie Zhixin (谢知信) 728
  • Li Fen (李玢) 727–735
  • Zhao Hanzhang (赵含章) 728–729
  • Lu Xiulin (吕休琳) 729–730
  • Lai Yao (莱曜) 730–731
  • Xu Qinshi (徐钦识) 731–733
  • Wang Husi (王斛斯) 733–738
  • Ge Jiayun (盖嘉运) 738–739
  • Tian Renwan (田仁琬) 740–741
  • Fumeng Lingcha (夫蒙灵詧) 741–747
  • Gao Xianzhi 747–751
  • Wang Zhengjian (王正见) 751–752
  • Feng Changqing 752–755
  • Liang Zai (梁宰) 755–756
  • Li Siye 756–759
  • Lifei Yuanli (荔非元礼) 759–761
  • Bai Xiaode (白孝德) 761–762
  • Sun Zhizhi (孙志直) 762–765
  • Guo Xin (郭昕) 762–787

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Robert Drompp (2005). Tang China and the collapse of the Uighur Empire: a documentary history. Volume 13 of Brill's Inner Asian library (illustrated ed.). BRILL. p. 103. ISBN 90-04-14129-4. Retrieved February 2012 8. 19 The Protectorate-General (duhufu) of Anxi (“ Pacified West”) was established in 640 by the Tang emperor Taizong as the Chinese administrative unit for the control of various city-states of the Tarim Basin. Its administrative center was based  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ Michael Robert Drompp (2005). Tang China and the collapse of the Uighur Empire: a documentary history. Volume 13 of Brill's Inner Asian library (illustrated ed.). BRILL. p. 104. ISBN 90-04-14129-4. Retrieved February 2012 8. In Qocho (Chinese Gaochang, later Xizhou) from 640 to 649, and then in Kucha from 649 until 670, when it was moved back to Qocho due to Tibetan conquests in the Tarim region. . . . In 791, Anxi fell to the Tibetans and was abandoned by the Chinese. . . The Uighurs, who were defeated along with the Chinese, soon recovered and reestablished control over both Qocho and Kucha, which became important centers of Western Uighur power after the collapse of the Uighur empire.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ Xue, p. 589-593

References[edit]

Coordinates: 41°39′N 82°54′E / 41.650°N 82.900°E / 41.650; 82.900