Protestant Children's Home

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Protestant Children's Home
Protestant Children's Home Sept 2012 02.jpg
The building in September 2012
Protestant Children's Home is located in Alabama
Protestant Children's Home
Location 911 Dauphin Street
Mobile, Alabama
Coordinates 30°41′14″N 88°3′20″W / 30.68722°N 88.05556°W / 30.68722; -88.05556Coordinates: 30°41′14″N 88°3′20″W / 30.68722°N 88.05556°W / 30.68722; -88.05556
Area 2 acres (0.81 ha)
Built 1845
Architect Henry Moffatt
Architectural style Late Federal
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 73000364[1]
Added to NRHP June 18, 1973

The Protestant Children's Home, also known as the Protestant Orphans' Asylum, is a historic orphanage building in Mobile, Alabama, United States. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 18, 1973.[1]

History[edit]

The Protestant Children's Home was built for the Protestant Orphan Asylum Society, established on December 2, 1839 by women of various Protestant denominations for the care of Protestant children without parents.[2][3] The yellow fever epidemics of 1837 and 1839 had created the need for an organization to care for the many orphaned children left afterward. Mobile during this time was a predominantly Roman Catholic city, with a Catholic orphanage and other support organizations already functional.[3] Originally accepting children up to ten years old, the Protestant Orphan Asylum Society later accepted girls up to 18 years old and boys up to 14 years old.[2]

Design[edit]

Designed by Henry Moffatt, a Philadelphia architect, the cornerstone for the orphanage was laid on July 4, 1845.[2][4] The three-story brick structure is designed in a Late Federal style.[4] Built on a central hall plan, the main block features two primary floors above a full-height ground floor.[4] The front facade is five bays wide, with a two-story cast iron portico centered on the middle three bays. The upper tier of the portico features an elaborate ironwork balustrade and latticework.[4] Minor alterations were made to the building during the late 19th century, the rear portion was expanded in 1924, and a full-scale renovation was completed in 1950.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Protestant Orphans' Asylum, 911 Dauphin Street, Mobile, Mobile County, AL". Historic American Buildings Survey, Engineering Record, Landscapes Survey. Library of Congress. Retrieved October 2, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Thomason, Michael (2001). Mobile: The New History of Alabama's First City. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-8173-1065-3. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Gamble, Robert (1987). The Alabama Catalog: A Guide to the Early Architecture of the State. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. p. 310. ISBN 978-0-8173-0148-4.