In Christian theology, the Protevangelium is God's statement to Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden about the future relationship between the Serpent and Christ, the son of Mary as having a prophetic and Messianic fulfilment.
"And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel." (Genesis 3:15, KJV)
Old Testament scholar Derek Kidner describes the Protevangelium as "the first glimmer of the gospel." Several of the early Church fathers, such as Justin Martyr (160 AD) and Irenaeus (180 AD) regarded this verse "as the Protoevangelium, the first messianic prophecy in the Old Testament."
- Derek Kidner, Genesis: An Introduction and Commentary, (IVP, 1967), p. 70.
- Gordon J. Wenham, WBC: Genesis 1-15, (Thomas Nelson, 1987), pp. 80-81.
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