Proto-Loloish language

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The Proto-Loloish language is the reconstructed ancestor of the Loloish languages. Reconstructions include those of David Bradley (1979), James Matisoff (2003), and Ziwo Lama (2012).

Bradley (1979)[edit]

Matisoff (2003)[edit]

Lama (2012)[edit]

Lama (2012) reconstructs 37 consonants for Proto-Loloish (which he calls Proto-Nisoic), 7 of which (marked in green) can occur as syllable finals. The glides /w/ and /j/ occur medially.

Proto-Nisoic Consonants
(Lama 2012)
Labial Dental Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Velar Glottal
Stops Voiceless p t ts k ʔ
Voiceless aspirated tsʰ tɕʰ h
Voiced b d dz ɡ
Prenasalized mb nd ndz ȵdʑ ŋɡ
Fricatives Voiceless s x
Voiced z ʑ ɣ
Nasals Voiced m n ȵ ŋ
Liquids
and Glides
Voiced -w- l r -j-
  • Vowels (8): /i/, /y/, /ɯ/, /u/, /e/, /o/, /ɔ/, /a/
  • Tones (5): 1, 2, 3, H, L[clarification needed]

References and notes[edit]

See also[edit]