Proto-celadon

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Proto-celadon Zun wine vessel, Shang period, 16-11th century BCE.

Proto-celadon (Chinese: 灰釉陶, also 原始青瓷) was a type of Chinese ceramic which developed during the Shang period and Western Han periods. It is often qualified as "proto-porcelain", and was usually adorned with a light yellowish green glaze.[1]

Proto-celadon jar with ears and vertical stripes, Warring States period, 475-211 BCE.

The body of proto-celadon was made of porcelain clay, with an iron content below 3%.[2] Firing temperature was around 1200 degreed Celsius. Surface treatment consisted in a lime glaze.[2] The type of objects manufactured in proto-celadon were similar to the objects manufactured in bronze.[1]

During the Shang and Zhou periods, proto-celadon was mainly produced in the areas south of the Yangtze river.[2] Following this period, production greatly improved in quantity and quality.[2]

Inception of true celadon[edit]

Celadon lion-shaped Bixie (Chinese: 辟邪), Western Jin period, 265-317 CE.

From the Eastern Han period, true celadon ware (Chinese: 成熟青瓷) started to appear, with production focused on the Zhejiang Province.[1] Although still following the shapes and patterns of proto-celadon wares, these advances now represented the characteristics of true porcelain, with refined and pure clays and correct firing temperatures.[1]

These advances would be followed by those of the Yue ware, and the blooming of celadon production from the period of the Song dynasty.[1]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]