Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms
|Type||Organized crime; international criminal law|
|Drafted||31 May 2001|
|Signed||11 July 2001|
|Location||New York, United States|
|Effective||3 July 2005|
|Depositary||Secretary-General of the United Nations|
|Languages||Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish|
The Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (Firearms Protocol) is an anti-arms trafficking treaty that is supplemental to the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. It is one of the so-called Palermo protocols.
The Protocol was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly as Resolution 55/255 on 31 May 2001; the treaty entered into force on 3 July 2005. It was signed by 52 parties and as of August 2014 it has 110 parties, including 109 states and the European Union.
The states that have signed the protocol but have not yet ratified it are Australia, Barbados, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, Seychelles, South Korea, and United Kingdom. Three of the top four arms manufacturers in the world—the United States, Russia, and France—did not sign the protocol.
- Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime at the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) website
- United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto, official website, unodc.org
- Text, un.org.
- Signatures and ratifications, un.org.