List of protomartyrs

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Martyrdom of Saint Stephen San Esteban Ilocos Sur Philippines

A protomartyr (Koine Greek, πρότος prótos "first" + μάρτυρας mártyras "martyr") is the first Christian martyr in a country or among a particular group, such as a religious order. Similarly, the phrase the Protomartyr (with no other qualification of country or region) can mean Saint Stephen, the first martyr of the Christian church or Saint Thecla, the first female martyr of the Christian church.[1]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

  • André de Soveral and companions - Brazil[12]

Oceania[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ St. Thekla, Protomartyr and Equal to the Apostles
  2. ^ Feast of the Franciscan Proto-Martyrs
  3. ^ Machitadze, Archpriest Zakaria (2006), "St. Razhden, Protomartyr of the Georgian Church (†457)", in The Lives of the Georgian Saints. pravoslavie.ru. Retrieved on 2011-12-18.
  4. ^ WYD02 Saints: Blessed Andrew of Phu Yen – Protomartyr of Vietnam
  5. ^ The Franciscan Book of Saints, ed. by Marion Habig, ofm.
  6. ^ Thurston, Herbert. "St. Alban." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 19 Feb. 2013
  7. ^ The protomartyr of Scotland, Father Francis of Aberdeen (Open Library)
  8. ^ St. Cuthbert Mayne - Saints & Angels - Catholic Online
  9. ^ http://catholicism.org/the-five-protomartyrs-of-the-franciscan-order-1220.html The five Protomartyrs of the Franciscan Order]
  10. ^ Proto-martyrs of the Americas
  11. ^ Juvenaly of Alaska
  12. ^ Protomartyrs of Brazil