Proton Perdana (first generation)

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Proton Perdana
First generation
2003-2010 Proton Perdana Executive V6 in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia (01).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Proton
Production Late 1994–2010
Model years 1995–2010
Assembly Shah Alam, Malaysia
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size / D-segment
Body style 4-door saloon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive
Related Mitsubishi Eterna
Powertrain
Engine 2.0L 4G63 DOHC I4 (1995-2000)
2.0L 6A12 DOHC V6 (1998-2010)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,635 mm (103.7 in) (Standard)
Length 4,640 mm (182.7 in) (Standard)
4,890 mm (192.5 in) (Executive)
5,300 mm (208.7 in) (S. Limousine)
5,550 mm (218.5 in) (E. Limousine)
Width 1,730 mm (68.1 in)
Height 1,400 mm (55.1 in)
Kerb weight 1,005 kg (2,216 lb) (Standard)
Chronology
Successor Proton Perdana (second generation)

The first generation Proton Perdana is a four-door mid-size saloon manufactured by Malaysian automobile producer Proton which launched on 26 January 1995. It is a badge engineered seventh generation Mitsubishi Eterna, developed as the result of a collaboration between Proton and Mitsubishi Motors. About 80,000 first generation Proton Perdanas were sold between 1995 and 2010.

Perdana is the Malay word for Prime.

History[edit]

Perdana (1995-1999)[edit]

1995-1999 Proton Perdana

The Malaysian economy grew at an average of 8% each year between the late 1980s and the first half of the 1990s.[1] Proton identified the need for a larger, more luxurious D-segment car after the launch of the B-segment Proton Saga and C-segment Proton Wira in 1985 and 1993 respectively. On 26 January 1995, the Proton Perdana became Malaysia's first car to compete alongside the established Toyota Camry and Honda Accord.[2][3] The Perdana was the third car developed under Proton's extensive collaboration with Mitsubishi Motors. It is based on the seventh generation Mitsubishi Eterna platform and shared a vast majority of parts with the JDM-spec Eterna, receiving only minor internal and external changes for the Malaysian market.[3] The Perdana features Mitsubishi's 4G63 16-valve 2.0 litre I4 multi-point fuel injected engine which is capable of producing 135 hp at 6,000rpm and 176Nm of torque at 4,750rpm.[4] It was initially offered with 4-speed automatic and 5-speed manual transmissions, but the manual variant was discontinued in 1996.[3][4] The Perdana sported an extremely low drag coefficient of just 0.29 Cd, allowing for improved fuel efficiency and a top speed in excess of 200 km/h.[4] The Perdana also became Proton's first car to be offered with an anti-lock braking system (ABS) and cruise control, and among the earliest of Protons to be equipped with dual airbags,[5] all-round power windows, power folding mirrors and a headlight levelling system.[4]

Proton struggled to meet the overwhelming demand for the Perdana upon its January 1995 launch, with a waiting period of over six months.[4] The Perdana costed around RM85,000 at launch, but there were reports of relatively new second-hand Perdana units appreciating up to 12%, or RM95,000.[6] Nonetheless, Proton still captured 47% of the 2,000cc and above segment in its domestic market, with 9,000 units sold over the course of 14 months.[4]

In 1997, the Perdana was given a minor facelift, offering a chrome-plated grille, redesigned alloy rims, as well as additional colour options and upgraded interior trimmings.

A bulletproof edition of the Proton Perdana was used in the shuttling of the Heads of Government during the 1998 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in Kuala Lumpur.[7]

Perdana V6 (1999-2010)[edit]

1999-2003 Proton Perdana V6
2003-2010 Proton Perdana V6

On 12 November 1998, Proton unveiled the Proton Perdana V6 at Stadium Putra, Bukit Jalil.[2] It was equipped with the superior 24-valve Mitsubishi 6A12 2.0L V6 engine which offers 148 hp, or 13 hp more than the previous 16-valve Mitsubishi 4G63 2.0L Inline-four engine.[3][8] The Perdana V6 received additional ride & handling input from Proton's British subsidiary, Lotus, resulting in improved NVH attributes.[3] It also featured a new bodykit, grille, 16" rims, leather seats, a redesigned steering wheel and other minor updates on the interior. The original Perdana was sold alongside the V6 variant, but it was discontinued in early 2000.

Proton had also introduced the Perdana V6 in neighbouring Brunei and Singapore on 11 and 22 June 1999 respectively.[2]

The Perdana V6 was given a major facelift in 2003. It received a new front grille, front and rear bumpers, 16-inch alloy rims, tail lights and reverse lamps which were repositioned to the boot. Interior-wise, it featured a new steering wheel, redesigned leather seats and new aluminium-effect trim panels. The mechanical aspects of the car remained unchanged. From 2005 onwards, the Perdana V6 was offered with a new cream coloured interior option and more alluring nine-spoke 16" rims. This iteration remained on sale up until early 2010.

Proton managed to sell more than 77,178 units of the Perdana.[9] Of the total sold, the 2.0 litre 6A12 V6 variant was the most commercially successful at between 50,000 and 55,000 sold whereas the 2.0 litre 4G63 I4 managed around 24,370, of which 11,570 and 9,617 were SEi and GLi automatic models, while the remaining 3,183 units made up the rare GLi manual version.[N 1][10][11][12][13]

Automotive Conversion Engineering (ACE), a subsidiary of Edaran Otomobil Nasional (EON) and a company which specializes in the development of limousines and TD2000 cars produced the Proton Perdana V6 Executive, an extended wheelbase variant offering an additional 25 cm (10 in) in the rear passenger compartment. A special edition of the Executive was also developed, featuring a specially designed "mobile office" themed console box, a 6.5 inch LCD TV and a VCD player.[14] Additionally, two Proton Perdana V6 Limousine variants were released offering extended wheelbases of 66 cm (26 in) and 91 cm (36 in) respectively over the original Perdana V6, and sported far more luxury equipment compared to the Executive variant.[14]

The Proton Perdana V6 is widely used by the Malaysian government.

The Perdana was only sold in its domestic market and immediate neighbouring countries. However, a handful of Perdana and Perdana V6 units were exported to the United Kingdom to serve Proton's top British executives.[15][16] The Perdana was also tested by Britain's Top Gear magazine in their April 1999 issue and there were plans to sell the Perdana V6 in Europe. However, such plans failed to materialize due to the 1997 Asian financial crisis and Proton's subsequent withdrawal from mainland Europe. Proton also had intentions to market the Perdana in Australia between 1998 and 1999, but no such launch occurred.[5]

On 11 December 2013, the second generation Proton Perdana was unveiled after a 3 year gap in the nameplate's production.[17]

Specifications[edit]

Manufacturer's claims (Perdana V6)[8][18]
Powertrain & Performance
Engine 2.0L 6A12
Format V6 DOHC 24V
Total displacement (cc) 1,999
Bore x Stroke (mm) 78.4 x 69
Maximum Output [hp(kW)/rpm] 148 (110.4) / 6,750
Maximum Torque (Nm/rpm) 179 / 4,000
Maximum Speed 205 km/h (127 mph)
Acceleration 0–100 km/h (sec) 13.0
Fuel tank capacity (litres) 64
Chassis
Suspension (Front & Rear) Multilink with Stabiliser bar
Brake (Front/Rear) Ventilated disc 14” / Solid disc 14”

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richardson, Michael (10 April 1995). "In Malaysia, Proton Stands for Success". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Proton - About - History - 1995/1998/1999". proton.com. Archived from the original on 18 August 2004. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Sherman Dez (11 December 2004). "Proton Perdana V6 - A prime alternative". New Straits Times. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Ben D'Cunha (19 May 1996). "Within seven days". New Straits Times. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Proton Australia cuts prices to boost car sales". Bernama / New Straits Times. 8 August 1998. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Field day for car speculators". New Straits Times. 25 June 1995. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  7. ^ Harris Taib (6 December 1998). "Merdeka bash offers more than just racing". New Straits Times. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "1998 Proton Perdana V6 data". carfolio.com. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "5.9m national cars sold, Dewan Rakyat told". mysinchew.com. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Proton - About - Facts & Figures - Car Sales 1999-2003". proton.com. Archived from the original on 25 December 2004. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Proton - About - Facts & Figures - Car Sales 2001-2005". proton.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Proton - About - Facts & Figures - Car Sales 2003-2007". proton.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  13. ^ Matthias Gasnier (28 January 2010). "Malaysia 2008-2009: Perodua Myvi, Viva & Proton Saga on podium". bestsellingcarsblog.com. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  14. ^ a b "ACE - Products". ACE Sdn Bhd. Retrieved 24 July 2008. 
  15. ^ "Perdana pics selling for £1100". Proton Owners Club UK. 20 March 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  16. ^ "My perdana". Proton Owners Club UK. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  17. ^ Paul Tan (11 December 2013). "New Proton Perdana based on 8th gen Honda Accord handed over – PM gets a stretched version!". paultan.org. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "Proton Perdana 2000 V6 - Technical Specifications". proton.com.np. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  1. ^ Disclaimer: Sales data taken from an archived official source. It does not specify whether the quantity sold apply to both export and domestic markets, or just the latter.