Proton Waja

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Proton Waja
2005 Proton Waja 1.6 (4G18) in Puchong, Malaysia (01).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Proton
Also called Proton Impian (U.K.)
Production 2000-2011
Body and chassis
Class Compact / C-segment
Body style 4-door saloon
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L Mitsubishi 4G18 SOHC I4
1.6 L Proton Campro S4PH DOHC I4
1.6 L Proton Campro CPS DOHC I4
1.8 L Renault F4P DOHC I4
2.0 L Mitsubishi 6A12 DOHC V6
Transmission

4 Speed Automatic

5 Speed Manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,600 mm (102.4 in)
Length 4,470 mm (176.0 in)
Width 1,740 mm (68.5 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Curb weight 1,215 kg (2,678.6 lb) - 1,235 kg (2,722.7 lb)
Chronology
Successor Proton Inspira
2005 Proton Waja 1.6 (4G18) in Malaysia.

The Proton Waja is a saloon car manufactured by Malaysian automotive company, Proton, first released in August 2000.

The Waja is the first Proton car to feature a majority of body parts and components which were designed in-house. Although certain key features such as the various engines in the early models were outsourced, the Waja is still best known as the first Malaysian-designed car. More than 300,000 Proton Wajas have been sold, making it among Proton's most commercially successful products.

The name Waja, which means (strong as) steel in Malay has both physical and abstract connotations. In the United Kingdom, it was sold as the Proton Impian, in which Impian was another derivative of the Malay language, meaning dream.

History[edit]

The Proton Waja is the first model designed in-house by Proton. However, the Waja's chassis was based on a Volvo S40 first-generation (1995–2004) model. The development of the Waja began at the end of the 1999 together with the Campro engine, however, the development of the Campro engine was still in progress at the time of its launch, and therefore Proton had to source the 4G18 engine for the Waja from Mitsubishi, before switching to CamPro engines in 2006.

It was launched in August 2000, together with the introduction of Proton's new corporate logo. Early batches of the Waja had no airbags, ABS, and came with fabric seats only. In 2002, a 1.6 variant X, was launched.

It was equipped with more luxurious items like climate control, traction control, auto-flip mirror, a driver's airbag, wood grain interior and full leather seats and door trim. Proton made minor changes to the seats by adding rear armrest with cup holder (which the standard Waja lacked), rear seats adjustable head rest and lumbar support for driver seats.

Proton later launched a new Waja variant, the 1.8X, powered by the Renault F4P engine, which is also found in the Renault Laguna. It featured the same interior as the 1.6X Premium, but a passenger airbag was added as a safety feature.

The Waja received a facelift in 2005. The first minor facelift was rear boot spoiler, new alloy-rims, new interior scheme (brown & cream), new instrument cluster, and dual airbags and ABS fitted as standard. Facelifted again in 2007, the Waja received the 125 PS (92 kW) CamPro CPS engine. The exterior was given minor changes, such as a new grille and new tail lights. The 2008 Waja CPS also includes both ABS and airbag as standard for the Malaysian market, which were previously optional equipment.

More than 292,556 Proton Wajas have been sold between 2000 and mid-2012, and of which, the variants powered by the 1.6 litre Mitsubishi 4G18 engine made up for the bulk of total sales, followed by the 1.6 litre Proton CamPro S4PH / CPS and lastly, the 1.8 litre Renault F4P.[N 1][1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Waja Chancellor[edit]

At the end of 2005, Proton additionally introduced another variant of the Waja, known as Proton Waja Chancellor. It was used by representatives of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) during the meeting of ASEAN leaders in the KLCC, shortly before its launch in 2006. The Waja Chancellor had a longer wheelbase, and a 2.0 litre Mitsubishi 6A12 V6 engine, similar to that used in Proton Perdana V6. The car was only available with a four-speed automatic transmission.

United Kingdom[edit]

A Proton Impian patrol car belonging to the Humberside Police, U.K..

Waja sales in the United Kingdom, where it was rebadged as the Impian, did not begin until April 2001, and it has continued virtually unchanged ever since.[8] The Impian was only available with RHD, while LHD models were available elsewhere in Europe.

Sales were not strong, as it was behind the best of the competition at its launch and virtually all of its competitors were all replaced since. Its decent ride and handling, generous equipment levels, competitive asking price and comprehensive aftersales package are perhaps the only things that kept it going with British buyers.[citation needed]

British Touring Car Championship[edit]

Main article: BTC-T Proton Impian

The British Touring Car Championship (BTCC) is a touring car racing series held each year in the United Kingdom. Proton formerly participated in the BTCC between 2002 and 2004 under the official team name, Petronas Syntium Proton (Team PSP). The team in the 2002 and 2003 BTCC seasons was headed by Scottish and English drivers David Leslie and Phil Bennett respectively in two heavily modified BTC-T Proton Impian touring cars.[9] Both drivers were succeeded by South African Shaun Watson-Smith and Malaysian Fariqe Hairuman in the 2004 season.[10] Team PSP proved largely unsuccessful in the BTCC with just 2 wins out of a grand total of 95 races and finally withdrew altogether after the conclusion of the 2004 season.

Safety[edit]

The Proton Waja / Impian was the first and thus far only Proton car to be officially crash tested by the Euro NCAP in 2002.[11] It scored a 3-star rating for adult occupant safety, but only 1-star for pedestrian safety. The tested configuration included 4 SRS airbags (dual front and dual side), a configuration which was limited to a handful of developed markets such as the U.K. and Australia.[12][13] Malaysian market Proton Wajas never received side airbags.[14]

Proton claimed the Impian was the first of a new generation of cars that were designed to Euro NCAP standards, but after the Impian's disappointing performance, Proton promised to improve on future designs. 10 years later, that promised was fulfilled when the Proton Prevé was awarded the full 5-stars by Australia's ANCAP, an organization whose methods closely align with that of the Euro NCAP.[15]

Top Gear aired a segment which featured a damaged Proton Waja alongside a damaged Toyota Avensis to showcase the difference between a 3-star and a 5-star Euro NCAP car after a head-on collision with a deformable steel concrete wall.

Specifications[edit]

Powertrain & Performance
Engine 16-Valve CPS DOHC
Maximum Speed (km/h) 196 km/h
Acceleration 0–100 km/h (sec) 8.89 sec
Maximum Output hp(kW)/rpm 93 kW (125 hp) / 6500rpm
Maximum Torque (Nm/rpm) 150 / 4500
Tyres & Rims 195 / 60 R15 & Alloy 15" x 6.5JJ
Chassis
Power Steering Hydraulic Power Steering
Suspension (Front/Rear) MacPherson Strut with Stabiliser Bar/ Multi-link with Stabiliser Bar

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Proton - About - Facts & Figures - Car Sales 1999-2003". proton.com. Archived from the original on 25 December 2004. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Proton - About - Facts & Figures - Car Sales 2001-2005". proton.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Proton - About - Facts & Figures - Car Sales 2003-2007". proton.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Matthias Gasnier (28 January 2008). "Malaysia 2006-2007: Perodua Myvi takes control of the market". bestsellingcarsblog.com. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Matthias Gasnier (28 January 2010). "Malaysia 2008-2009: Perodua Myvi, Viva & Proton Saga on podium". bestsellingcarsblog.com. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Matthias Gasnier (13 February 2012). "Malaysia Full Year 2011: Perodua Myvi and Proton Saga rule". bestsellingcarsblog.com. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Matthias Gasnier (2 July 2012). "Malaysia May 2012: Proton Prevé up to #7". bestsellingcarsblog.com. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Proton Impian Specifications - Technical Specifications". proton-impian.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 August 2002. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "New Proton Team On The Pace For 2002 BTCC". carpages.co.uk. 19 March 2002. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "BTCC: Team PSP announces 2004 driver line-up". motorsport.com. 3 February 2004. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "Proton Impian - Euro NCAP". euroncap.com. 
  12. ^ "Proton - Impian - Specifications - Equipment Level - Safety & Security". proton.co.uk. Archived from the original on 6 October 2006. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Proton Cars Australia - Waja". proton.com.au. Archived from the original on 15 February 2003. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Proton World - Malaysia - Models - Waja 1.8". Proton. Archived from the original on 6 October 2003. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "ANCAP Safety Rating - Proton Prevé (From 2013)". ancap.com.au. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  1. ^ Disclaimer: Sales data taken from an archived official source. It does not specify whether the quantity sold apply to both export and domestic markets, or just the latter. However, quantity sold between 2007 and mid-2012 only apply to the domestic market.