Provencher Bridge (Winnipeg)
The Provencher Bridge is a bridge across the Red River in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The bridge links downtown Winnipeg with St. Boniface, a Winnipeg community across the Red River. The Provencher Bridge derived its name from the connecting Boulevard Provencher (Provencher Boulevard).
The first way of crossing the Red River was by ferry linking Broadway on the west with Provencher Blvd on the east. The ferry route was cancelled in 1879 after a bridge proposal was made.
The first bridge
The first bridge (the "old bridge") was originally named the Broadway bridge because it connected with Broadway on the other side, which is in direct line of sight with Provencher. Construction began in 1881 and was completed in April 1882. Disaster struck three days later, wiping away two spans of the bridge, but repairs were completed later that same month. The bridge was demolished in 1917 after a proposal for a newer one.
The second bridge
The second bridge was opened in 1918 to replace the old Broadway bridge. Instead of linking with Broadway, it was oriented slightly to the north; traffic crossing from the east was sent even further north, eventually connecting with Main Street about 500 metres from Broadway. Construction began in 1911 and was completed in 1912. Streetcars began operating on the bridge on December 3, 1925. The second bridge was dismantled in 2001 for the opening of the third (current) bridge.
The third bridge
The third bridge (the "modern bridge") actually consists of two bridges, a vehicular bridge and a pedestrian bridge. The vehicular bridge's plan was originally designed to connect York and St. Mary Avenues to Provencher Boulevard, but it was cancelled in 1997. The lands for the St. Mary–York–Provencher connection are now being used for the Canadian Museum for Human Rights. The vehicular bridge was constructed in 2001 and completed in September 2003. The pedestrian bridge was constructed later, and was completed the same year.
The vehicular bridge
The vehicular part of the modern bridge is slightly curved, unlike the old bridge which was completely straight and at a slight angle. Construction of the vehicular bridge began on July 20, 2001. Two years later, in September, the vehicular bridge was completed.
The pedestrian bridge
The pedestrian bridge, or the Esplanade Riel (Named for Louis Riel), parallels the new Broadway bridge, and is a side-spar cable-stayed bridge designed by Étienne Gaboury, Architect and Colin Douglas Stewart of Wardrop Engineering.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Provencher Bridge.|
- "Toilet gets mayor in hot water with Taxpayers". CBC News. May 19, 2003. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Esplanade Riel Pedestrian Bridge, Winnipeg, Manitoba". DYWIDAG-Systems International. Retrieved August 8, 2012.